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Provedor de dados:  IRD
País:  France
Título:  Fat content and essential fatty acid (EFA) composition of Congolese mature breast milk are influenced by mothers' nutritional status : poster
International congress of nutrition
Autores:  Rocquelin, Gérard
Tapsoba, S.
Dop, Marie-Claude
Mbemba, F.
Traissac, Pierre
Martin-Prével, Yves
Data:  1997
Ano:  1997
Palavras-chave:  SURVEILLANCE NUTRITIONNELLE
LAIT MATERNEL
TABLE DE COMPOSITION
ACIDE GRAS
COUTUME ALIMENTAIRE
ENQUETE NUTRITIONNELLE
BMI.BODY MASS INDEX
FEMME ALLAITANTE
Resumo:  Breast milk samples of Congolese women (n = 102) nursing 5 mo-old infants and living in Talangaï, a suburban district of Brazzaville, were collected and analyzed for their fat content and fatty acid (FA) composition. Mothers were questioned on their dietary habits. Compared with breast milk from various developed or developing countries ; Congolese mature breast milk was low in fat (28.70 plus or minus 11.33 g/L) but rich in 8:0-14:0 FAs (25.97 plus or minus 8.17% of total FAs) and in polyunsaturated FAs (PUFAs), particularly in n-3 PUFAs (2.39 plus or minus 0.68% of total FAs, mainly 18:3 and 22:6). No 18:1 trans was detected. This was associated with the frequent consumption by the mothers of high-carbohydrate foods (processed cassava roots, wheat bread, doughnuts) known to enhance 8:0-14:0 FA biosynthesis, and with that of foods providing n-6 and n-3 EFAs such as freshwater and saltwater fish, vegetable oils, green leafy vegetables, and high-fat fruit (peanuts, avocado, safou). These foods were traditionally and locally produced. Milk fat content was negatively related with mothers' BMI (body mass index) and varied with the frequency of consumption of certain foods corresponding to distinct dietary patterns. (Résumé d'auteur)
Tipo:  Text
Idioma:  Inglês
Identificador:  http://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010021789

oai:ird.fr:fdi:010021789

Rocquelin Gérard, Tapsoba S., Dop Marie-Claude, Mbemba F., Traissac Pierre, Martin-Prével Yves. Fat content and essential fatty acid (EFA) composition of Congolese mature breast milk are influenced by mothers' nutritional status : poster. In : International congress of nutrition. Montpellier (FRA) ; Genève : ORSTOM ; OMS, 1997, 1 p. International Congress of Nutrition, 16., Montréal (CAN), 1997/07/27; 1997/08/01
Editor:  ORSTOM

OMS
Formato:  text/pdf
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