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Provedor de dados:  IPB - Escola Superior Agrária
País:  Portugal
Título:  A preliminary fishery quality index for Portuguese streams
Autores:  Oliveira, João M.
Ferreira, Maria T.
Morgado, Paula
Hughes, Robert M.
Teixeira, Amílcar
Cortes, R.
Bochechas, Jorge
Data:  2011-05-26
Ano:  2009
Resumo:  There is a need to quantify the multivariate quality of a recreational fishery at the site scale to better communicate the relative quality among sites to the public and anglers. Borrowing on the general approach of multimetric indices of biotic integrity (IBIs), we developed fishery quality indices (FQIs) from species quality indices (SQIs) based on measures of fish abundance and size structure for northern and central Portuguese streams. Our FQIs showed regional patterns indicating a range in fishery quality. Higher coldwater FQI scores were mostly found in the northwestern (Minho and Lima), northeastern Douro, and northern Tagus basins. Higher warmwater FQI scores occurred in the eastern Tagus basin. The species that contributed the most to warmwater FQI scores were largemouth bass Micropterus salmoides, pumpkinseed Lepomis gibbosus, the cyprinid Luciobarbus bocagei, chubs Squalius carolitertii and S. pyrenaicus, and nases Pseudochondrostoma duriense and P. polylepis. The chubs, nases, and brown trout Salmo trutta contributed the most to coldwater FQI scores. As expected, our indices were correlated with river size and with disturbance at the catchment, segment, and site scales. Regression models for separate coldwater and warmwater FQIs were stronger than those for the individual SQIs and for an all-site FQI. The correlation was positive between the coldwater FQI and a coldwater IBI but negative between the warmwater FQI and warmwater IBIs. The proposed FQIs offer a quantitative approach for assessing relative fishery quality among sites and for making regional assessments given an appropriate study design. The component SQIs and SQI metrics of the FQIs can be disassociated to determine the population and species characteristics most affected by various environmental variables.
Tipo:  Article
Idioma:  Inglês
Identificador:  Oliveira, João M.; Ferreira, Maria T.; Morgado, Paula; Hughes, Robert M.; Teixeira, Amílcar; Cortes, Rui M.; Bochechas, Jorge H. (2009) - A preliminary fishery quality index for Portuguese streams. North American Journal of Fisheries Management. ISSN 0275-5947. 29:5, p. 1466-1478


DOI: 10.1577/M08-175.1
Editor:  American Fisheries Society
Direitos:  open access

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