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Provedor de dados:  AgEcon
País:  United States
Título:  Measuring Competition in the U.S. Airline Industry Using the Rosse-Panzar Test and Cross-Sectional Regression Analyses
Autores:  Fischer, Thorsten
Kamerschen, David R.
Data:  2008-10-09
Ano:  2003
Palavras-chave:  Airlines
Oligopoly
Conduct
Price-cost margins
Lerner index
Rosse-Panzar test
Research Methods/ Statistical Methods
L00
L40
L93
Resumo:  We employ the Rosse-Panzar test to assess market performance in selected airport-pairs originating from Atlanta. The Rosse-Panzar test stands in the tradition of the New Empirical Industrial Organization. It is based on the comparative statics of a reduced form revenue equation. Therefore, it is less powerful than structural models, but it offers the advantage of less stringent data requirements and reduces the risk of model misspecifications. The test statistic allows us in most airport-pairs to reject both conducts consistent with the Bertrand outcome, which is equivalent to perfect competition, and the collusive outcome, which is equivalent to joint profit-maximization. Rather, the test statistic suggests that behavior is consistent with a range of intermediate outcomes between the two extremes, including, but not limited to the Cournot oligopoly. In the second part of the paper, a cross-section pricing regression complements the Rosse-Panzar test. It shows that the presence of low-cost competition in an airport-pair reduces the average fare significantly.
Tipo:  Journal Article
Idioma:  Inglês
Identificador:  Print ISSN 1514-0326

Online ISSN 1667-6726

http://purl.umn.edu/44041
Relação:  Journal of Applied Economics>Volume 6, Number 1, May 2003
Formato:  21
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