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Provedor de dados:  AgEcon
País:  United States
Título:  Gender, Marital Status, Farm Size and other Factors Influencing the Extent of Cash Cropping in Kenya: A Case Study
Autores:  Kiriti, Tabitha
Tisdell, Clement A.
Data:  2011-04-05
Ano:  2002
Palavras-chave:  Agricultural commercialisation
Gender inequality
Non-food cash crops
Food cash crops
Non-cash food crops
Community/Rural/Urban Development
Farm Management
Labor and Human Capital
Land Economics/Use
Resumo:  This article examines the effects of commercialisation of agriculture on land use and work patterns by means of a case study in the Nyeri district in Kenya. The study uses cross sectional data collected from small-scale farmers in this district. We find that good quality land is allocated to non-food cash crops, which may lead to a reduction in non-cash food crops and expose some households to greater risks of possible famine. Also the proportion of land allocated to food crops declines as the farm size increases while the proportion of land allocated to non-food cash crops rises as the size of farm increases. Cash crops are also not bringing in as much revenue commensurate with the amount of land allocated to them. With growing commercialisation, women still work more hours than men. They not only work on non-cash food crops but also on cash crops including non-food cash crops. Evidence indicates that women living with husbands work longer hours than those married but living alone, and also longer than the unmarried women. Married women seem to lose their decision-making ability with growth of commercialisation, as husbands make most decisions to do with cash crops. Furthermore husbands appropriate family cash income. Husbands are less likely to use such income for the welfare of the family compared to wives due to different expenditure patterns. Married women in Kenya also have little or no power to change the way land is allocated between food and non-food cash crops. Due to deteriorating terms of trade for non-food cash crops, men have started cultivation of food cash crops with the potential of crowding out women. It is found that both the area of non-cash crops tends to rise with farm size but also the proportion of the farm area cash cropped rises in Central Kenya.
Tipo:  Working or Discussion Paper
Idioma:  Inglês
Identificador:  ISSN: 1442-8563
Relação:  University of Queensland>School of Economics>Social Economics, Policy and Development Working Papers
Social Economics, Policy and Development
Formato:  36

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