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Provedor de dados:  Anais da ABC (AABC)
País:  Brazil
Título:  Water extracts of Brazilian leguminous seeds as rich sources of larvicidal compounds against Aedes aegypti L.
Autores:  Farias,Davi F.
Cavalheiro,Mariana G.
Viana,Martônio P.
Queiroz,Vanessa A.
Rocha-Bezerra,Lady C.B.
Vasconcelos,Ilka M.
Morais,Selene M.
Carvalho,Ana F.U.
Data:  2010-09-01
Ano:  2010
Palavras-chave:  Aedes aegypti
Larvicidal compounds
Leguminous seeds
Water extracts
Resumo:  This study assessed the toxicity of seed water extracts of 15 leguminous species upon Aedes aegypti larvae. A partial chemical and biochemical characterization of water extracts, as well as the assessment of their acute toxicity in mice, were performed. The extracts of Amburana cearensis, Anadenanthera macrocarpa, Dioclea megacarpa, Enterolobium contortisiliquum and Piptadenia moniliformis caused 100% of mortalit y after 1 to 3 h of exposure. They showed LC50 and LC90 values ranging from 0.43 ± 0.01 to 9.06 ± 0.12 mg/mL and from 0.71 ± 0.02 to 13.03 ± 0.15 mg/mL, respectively. Among the secondary metabolite constituents, the seed water extracts showed tannins, phenols, flavones, favonols, xanthones, saponins and alkaloids. The extracts also showed high soluble proteins content (0.98 to 7.71 mg/mL), lectin (32 to 256 HU/mL) and trypsin inhibitory activity (3.64 = 0.43 to 26.19 = 0.05 gIT/kg of flour) The electrophoretic profiles showed a great diversity of protein bands, many of which already described as insecticide proteins. The extracts showed low toxicity to mice (LD50 > 0.15 = 0.01 g/kg body weight), but despite these promising results, further studies are necessary to understand the toxicity of these extracts and their constituentsfrom primary and secondary metabolism upon Ae. aegypti.
Tipo:  Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Idioma:  Inglês
Editor:  Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Relação:  10.1590/S0001-37652010000300006
Formato:  text/html
Fonte:  Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências v.82 n.3 2010
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

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