Sabiia Seb
        Busca avançada

Botão Atualizar

Botão Atualizar

Registro completo
Provedor de dados:  ArchiMer
País:  France
Título:  Formation of carbonate chimneys in the Mediterranean Sea linked to deep-water oxygen depletion
Autores:  Bayon, Germain
Dupre, Stephanie
Ponzevera, Emmanuel
Etoubleau, Joel
Cheron, Sandrine
Pierre, Catherine
Mascle, Jean
Boetius, Antje
De Lange, Gert J.
Data:  2013-09
Ano:  2013
Resumo:  Marine sediments at ocean margins vent substantial amounts of methane(1,2). Microbial oxidation of the methane released can trigger the precipitation of carbonate within sediments and support a broad diversity of seafloor ecosystems(3,4). The factors controlling microbial activity and carbonate precipitation associated with the seepage of submarine fluid over geological time remain poorly constrained. Here, we characterize the petrology and geochemistry of rocks sampled from metre-size build-ups of methane-derived carbonate chimneys located at the Amon mud volcano on the Nile deep-sea fan. We find that these carbonates comprise porous structures composed of aggregated spherules of aragonite, and closely resemble microbial carbonate reefs forming at present in the anoxic bottom waters of the Black Sea(5). Using U-series dating, we show that the Amon carbonate build-ups formed between 12 and 7 thousand years ago, contemporaneous with the deposition of organic-rich sediments in the eastern Mediterranean, the so-called sapropel layer S1. We propose that the onset of deep-water suboxic or anoxic conditions associated with sapropel formation resulted in the development of intense anaerobic microbial activity at the sea floor, and thus the formation of carbonate chimneys.
Tipo:  Text
Idioma:  Inglês

Editor:  Nature Publishing Group
Formato:  application/pdf
Fonte:  Nature Geoscience (1752-0894) (Nature Publishing Group), 2013-09 , Vol. 6 , N. 9 , P. 755-760
Direitos:  2013 Nature Publishing Group, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited. All Rights Reserved.

Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária - Embrapa
Todos os direitos reservados, conforme Lei n° 9.610
Política de Privacidade
Área restrita

Parque Estação Biológica - PqEB s/n°
Brasília, DF - Brasil - CEP 70770-901
Fone: (61) 3448-4433 - Fax: (61) 3448-4890 / 3448-4891 SAC:

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional