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Provedor de dados:  ArchiMer
País:  France
Título:  Contribution of in Vivo Experimental Challenges to Understanding Flat Oyster Ostrea edulis Resistance to Bonamia ostreae
Autores:  Morga, Benjamin
Renault, Tristan
Faury, Nicole
Lerond, Sophie
Garcia, Celine
Chollet, Bruno
Joly, Jean-pierre
Lapegue, Sylvie
Harrang, Estelle
Arzul, Isabelle
Data:  2017-10
Ano:  2017
Palavras-chave:  Bonamia ostreae
Ostrea edulis
Experimental infection
Gene expression
Resumo:  Bonamiosis due to the parasite Bonamia ostreae has been associated with massive mortality outbreaks in European flat oyster stocks in Europe. As eradication and treatment are not possible, the control of the disease mainly relies on transfer restriction. Moreover, selection has been applied to produce resistant flat oyster families, which present better survival and lower prevalence than non-selected oysters. In order to better understand the mechanisms involved in resistance to bonamiosis, cellular and molecular responses of 2 oyster groups (selected oysters and wild-type oysters) were analyzed in the context of experimental injection and cohabitation infections. Cellular responses including non-specific esterases detection, ROS production and phagocytosis activity were analyzed by flow cytometry. Four genes homologous to those shown to be involved in immunity were selected (Inhibitor of apotosis OeIAP, Fas ligand OeFas-ligand, Oe-SOD, and OeEc-SOD) and monitored by quantitative reverse-transcription PCR (qRT-PCR). Infected oysters showed higher phagocytosis activity than controls. Infected selected oyster show a lower phagocytosis activity which might be a protection against the parasite infection. The expression of OeIAP and OeFas-ligand gene was significantly increased in selected oysters at 5 days post-injection. OeIAP gene expression appeared to be significantly increased in wild-type oysters at 8 days post-injection. Our results suggest that resistance to bonamiosis partly relies on the ability of the oysters to modulate apoptosis.
Tipo:  Text
Idioma:  Inglês

Editor:  Frontiers Media Sa
Formato:  application/pdf
Fonte:  Frontiers In Cellular And Infection Microbiology (2235-2988) (Frontiers Media Sa), 2017-10 , Vol. 7 , N. 433 , P. 1-13
Direitos:  2017 Morga, Renault, Faury, Lerond, Garcia, Chollet, Joly, Lapègue, Harrang and Arzul. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does...


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