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Provedor de dados:  ArchiMer
País:  France
Título:  An Assessment of the Precision and Confidence of Aquatic Eddy Correlation Measurements
Autores:  Donis, Daphne
Holtappels, Moritz
Noss, Christian
Cathalot, Cecile
Hancke, Kasper
Polsenaere, Pierre
Wenzhoefer, Frank
Lorke, Andreas
Meysman, Filip J. R.
Glud, Ronnie N.
Mcginnis, Daniel F.
Data:  2015
Ano:  2015
Palavras-chave:  Turbulence
Boundary layer
Experimental design
Resumo:  The quantification of benthic fluxes with the aquatic eddy correlation (EC) technique is based on simultaneous measurement of the current velocity and a targeted bottom water parameter (e.g., O2, temperature). High-frequency measurements (64 Hz) are performed at a single point above the seafloor using an acoustic Doppler velocimeter (ADV) and a fast-responding sensor. The advantages of aquatic EC technique are that 1) it is noninvasive, 2) it integrates fluxes over a large area, and 3) it accounts for in situ hydrodynamics. The aquatic EC has gained acceptance as a powerful technique; however, an accurate assessment of the errors introduced by the spatial alignment of velocity and water constituent measurements and by their different response times is still needed. Here, this paper discusses uncertainties and biases in the data treatment based on oxygen EC flux measurements in a large-scale flume facility with well-constrained hydrodynamics. These observations are used to review data processing procedures and to recommend improved deployment methods, thus improving the precision, reliability, and confidence of EC measurements. Specifically, this study demonstrates that 1) the alignment of the time series based on maximum cross correlation improved the precision of EC flux estimations; 2) an oxygen sensor with a response time of <0.4 s facilitates accurate EC fluxes estimates in turbulence regimes corresponding to horizontal velocities < 11 cm s−1; and 3) the smallest possible distance (<1 cm) between the oxygen sensor and the ADV’s sampling volume is important for accurate EC flux estimates, especially when the flow direction is perpendicular to the sensor’s orientation.
Tipo:  Text
Idioma:  Inglês

Editor:  American Meteorological Society
Formato:  application/pdf
Fonte:  Journal Of Atmospheric And Oceanic Technology (0739-0572) (American Meteorological Society), 2015 , Vol. 32 , N. 3 , P. 642-655
Direitos:  2015 American Meteorological Society


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