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Provedor de dados:  ArchiMer
País:  France
Título:  The maintenance costs of marine natural capital: A case study from the initial assessment of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive in France
Autores:  Levrel, Harold
Jacob, Celine
Bailly, Denis
Charles, Mahe
Guyader, Olivier
Aoubid, Scheherazade
Bas, Adeline
Cujus, Alexia
Fresard, Marjolaine
Girard, Sophie
Hay, Julien
Laurans, Yann
Paillet, Jerome
Agundez, Jose A. Perez
Mongruel, Remi
Data:  2014-11
Ano:  2014
Palavras-chave:  Maintenance cost
Marine ecosystems
Marine Strategy Framework Directive
Economic analysis
Resumo:  There are two ways of assessing the costs of environmental degradation: as the costs associated with the loss of benefits resulting from the degradation of natural capital, and as the maintenance costs required to compensate for the actual or potential degradation of natural capital. The first of these methods is based on the Total Economic Value (TEV) of benefits forgone because of the depletion of ecosystem services delivered by marine biodiversity. The second method is based on the costs required to maintain a good state of marine biodiversity, one which makes it possible to deliver ecosystem services. This paper gives an illustration of this second approach. It details how these maintenance costs have been calculated in the initial assessment of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) in France. It addresses nine problem areas – corresponding to nine sources of environmental degradation – from non-native invasive species to oil spills. It gives a total figure for these degradation costs (around 2 billion Euros). The results are compared with those of other Member States who have taken similar approaches in the context of the MSFD. One key conclusion is that it is not really possible to make meaningful comparisons at this stage, since the methods of data collection and the nature of the costs are very different. The need to develop such assessments in a standardised way is noted.
Tipo:  Text
Idioma:  Inglês

Editor:  Elsevier Sci Ltd
Formato:  application/pdf
Fonte:  Marine Policy (0308-597X) (Elsevier Sci Ltd), 2014-11 , Vol. 49 , P. 37-47
Direitos:  2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


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