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Provedor de dados:  ArchiMer
País:  France
Título:  Ironing Out Fe Residence Time in the Dynamic Upper Ocean
Autores:  Black, Ee
Kienast, Ss
Lemaitre, N
Lam, Pj
Anderson, Rf
Planquette, Helene
Planchon, Frederic
Buesseler, Ko
Data:  2020-09
Ano:  2020
Palavras-chave:  Thorium-234<
Residence time<
Resumo:  Although iron availability has been shown to limit ocean productivity and influence marine carbon cycling, the rates of processes driving iron's removal and retention in the upper ocean are poorly constrained. Using 234Th‐ and sediment‐trap data, most of which were collected through international GEOTRACES efforts, we perform an unprecedented observation‐based assessment of iron export from and residence time in the upper ocean. The majority of these new residence time estimates for total iron in the surface ocean (0‐250 m) fall between 10 and 100 days. The upper ocean residence time of dissolved iron, on the other hand, varies and cycles on sub‐annual to annual timescales. Collectively, these residence times are shorter than previously thought, and the rates and timescales presented here will contribute to ongoing efforts to integrate iron into global biogeochemical models predicting climate and carbon dioxide sequestration in the ocean in the 21st century and beyond. Plain Language Summary Iron is a key micronutrient for organisms living in the upper ocean and thus, its availability is one of the key factors controlling the removal of carbon dioxide via phytoplankton growth in much of the global ocean. Until very recently, measurements of internal iron cycling were scarce. This includes estimates of how much iron leaves the surface ocean via sinking particles. Due to the lack of observations, models struggle to reproduce observed patterns in global surface iron distributions. For the first time, we constrain the rate of iron loss from the upper ocean along three basin‐wide transects and bring together all preexisting estimates to determine the timescales on which different forms of iron are retained in the upper ocean. Overall, our findings suggest that iron cycles more rapidly between the surface and the subsurface ocean than previously estimated and we encourage the modeling community to utilize the wealth of data presented here to explore the global consequences of these findings.
Tipo:  Text
Idioma:  Inglês

Editor:  American Geophysical Union
Formato:  application/pdf
Fonte:  Global Biogeochemical Cycles (0886-6236) (American Geophysical Union), 2020-09 , Vol. 34 , N. 9 , P. e2020GB006592 (17p.)
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

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