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Provedor de dados:  ArchiMer
País:  France
Título:  Experimental assessment of oyster transfers as a vector for macroalgal introductions
Autores:  Mineur, Frederic
Belsher, Thomas
Johnson, Mark P.
Maggs, Christine A.
Verlaque, Marc
Data:  2007-06
Ano:  2007
Palavras-chave:  Elimination treatments
Marine macrophytes
Thau Lagoon
Crassostrea gigas
Biological invasions
Resumo:  Introduction of non-indigenous species can alter marine communities and ecosystems. In shellfish farming, transfer of livestock, especially oysters, is a common practice and potentially constitutes a pathway for non-indigenous introductions. Many species of seaweeds are believed to have been accidentally introduced in association with these transfers, but there is little direct evidence. We experimentally simulated the transfer of oysters from the Thau Lagoon (France). These transfers involved increasing periods of aerial emersion and additional brine and hot water treatments. The brine and hot water treatments were evaluated as a means of reducing the probability of algal introductions with oyster transfers. Shells were cultured for 40 days in experimental tanks to identify the macroalgae likely to be introduced with any oyster transfer. A total of 57 macroalgal taxa, including 16 taxa not indigenous to the Thau Lagoon, were recorded across all treatments and experiments. The abundance of some species increased in several cases following aerial emersion. Elimination treatments (immersion in brine or hot water) significantly reduced algal diversity, with hot water treatments resulting in no species or only tubular Ulva spp. present. The results support the hypothesis that oyster transfers are effective as primary and secondary vectors of macroalgal introductions. Relatively simple changes to the transfer practice (particularly hot water treatments) are suggested as a means of reducing the risk of non-indigenous algal introductions.
Tipo:  Text
Idioma:  Inglês

Editor:  Elsevier
Formato:  application/pdf
Fonte:  Biological Conservation (0006-3207) (Elsevier), 2007-06 , Vol. 137 , N. 2 , P. 237-247
Direitos:  2007 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved.

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