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Provedor de dados:  ArchiMer
País:  France
Título:  Analysis and Interpretation of Frequency–Wavenumber Spectra of Young Wind Waves
Autores:  Leckler, Fabien
Ardhuin, Fabrice
Peureux, Charles
Benetazzo, Alvise
Bergamasco, Filippo
Dulov, Vladimir
Data:  2015-10
Ano:  2015
Palavras-chave:  Circulation
Observational techniques and algorithms
Remote sensing
Resumo:  The energy level and its directional distribution are key observations for understanding the energy balance in the wind-wave spectrum between wind-wave generation, nonlinear interactions, and dissipation. Here, properties of gravity waves are investigated from a fixed platform in the Black Sea, equipped with a stereo video system that resolves waves with frequency f up to 1.4 Hz and wavelengths from 0.6 to 11 m. One representative record is analyzed, corresponding to young wind waves with a peak frequency fp = 0.33 Hz and a wind speed of 13 m s−1. These measurements allow for a separation of the linear waves from the bound second-order harmonics. These harmonics are negligible for frequencies f up to 3 times fp but account for most of the energy at higher frequencies. The full spectrum is well described by a combination of linear components and the second-order spectrum. In the range 2fp to 4fp, the full frequency spectrum decays like f−5, which means a steeper decay of the linear spectrum. The directional spectrum exhibits a very pronounced bimodal distribution, with two peaks on either side of the wind direction, separated by 150° at 4fp. This large separation is associated with a significant amount of energy traveling in opposite directions and thus sources of underwater acoustic and seismic noise. The magnitude of these sources can be quantified by the overlap integral I(f), which is found to increase sharply from less than 0.01 at f = 2fp to 0.11 at f = 4fp and possibly up to 0.2 at f = 5fp, close to the 0.5π value proposed in previous studies.
Tipo:  Text
Idioma:  Inglês

Editor:  Amer Meteorological Soc
Relação:  info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/240009/EU//IOWAGA
Formato:  application/pdf
Fonte:  Journal Of Physical Oceanography (0022-3670) (Amer Meteorological Soc), 2015-10 , Vol. 45 , N. 10 , P. 2484-2496
Direitos:  2015 American Meteorological Society


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