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Provedor de dados:  ArchiMer
País:  France
Título:  Imprint of Holocene Climate Variability on Cold-Water Coral Reef Growth at the SW Rockall Trough margin, NE Atlantic
Autores:  Bonneau, Lucile
Colin, Christophe
Pons-branchu, Edwige
Mienis, Furu
Tisnerat-laborde, Nadine
Blamart, Dominique
Elliot, Mary
Collart, Tim
Frank, Norbert
Foliot, Lorna
Douville, Eric
Data:  2018-08
Ano:  2018
Resumo:  U‐Th ages and temperatures derived from Li/Mg have been measured on coral fragments of Lophelia pertusa and Madrepora. oculata collected from two sediment cores, which were taken from cold‐water coral (CWC) mounds at 700 ‐ 790 m water depth at the SW Rockall Trough margin. Our data, combined with previous published data, have allowed us to firstly estimate the occurrence of CWC at the SW Rockall Trough margin during the Holocene and, secondly, to better constrain the environmental conditions driving variability in CWC growth. CWC abundance is marked by a pronounced increase in the mid‐Holocene (∼6 ka) and is modulated by millennial‐scale variability throughout the late Holocene. The mid‐Holocene proliferation of CWC coincides with lowest IRD abundances and a major re‐organization of the circulation at thermocline depth in the Rockall Trough, marked by the progressive replacement of the fresh‐cold SubArctic Intermediate Water (SAIW) by the saltier and nutrient‐rich Eastern North Atlantic Water (ENAW). This event must have established a modern‐like winter mixed layer and thermocline structure, generating suitable conditions for enhanced surface productivity, downslope transport of food particles, bottom current acceleration at mound depth and thus CWC growth. Several short time intervals of decreased CWC occurrences closely match prominent increases in North Atlantic drift ice and storminess in Northern Europe. We, therefore, propose that high detrital supply and/or changes in the vertical density gradient associated with millennial‐scale ice rafted detritus (IRD) events are the likely controlling factors for CWC growth and subsequent mound formation on the SW Rockall Trough margin.
Tipo:  Text
Idioma:  Inglês

Editor:  Amer Geophysical Union
Formato:  application/pdf
Fonte:  Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems (1525-2027) (Amer Geophysical Union), 2018-08 , Vol. 19 , N. 8 , P. 2437-2452
Direitos:  2018 American Geophysical Union


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