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Provedor de dados:  ArchiMer
País:  France
Título:  Particle assemblage characterization in the Rhone river ROFI
Autores:  Many, Gael
Bourrin, Francois
Durrieu De Madron, Xavier
Pairaud, Ivane
Gangloff, Aurelien
Doxaran, David
Ody, Anouck
Verney, Romaric
Menniti, Christophe
Le Berre, David
Jacquet, Matthias
Data:  2016-05
Ano:  2016
Palavras-chave:  Gulf of Lions
Rhone River
Turbid structures
Particle properties
Resumo:  An innovative experiment was carried out in the vicinity of the Rhône River mouth in February 2014. An instrumental package, composed of a CTD, a LISST-100 type B (1.25–250 μm) and a LISST-HOLO (20–2000 μm), was used to characterize the hydrological parameters and suspended particles properties (concentration, size, composition, shape and effective density) in the region of freshwater influence (ROFI) of the Rhône River. Besides, a coastal SLOCUM glider, equipped with a CTD and optical backscattering sensors at several wavelengths, was deployed to detail the spatial description of the hydrological parameters and some particle properties. Large river discharge (annual flood ~ 5000 m3 s− 1) and strong wind conditions favored the dispersal of the river plume on the shelf. Surface suspended particulate matter concentrations decreased rapidly seaward from 20 mg L− 1 next to the river mouth to 1.5 mg L− 1 at the shelf break. A persistent bottom nepheloid layer was observed across the shelf with concentrations decreasing from 8 mg L− 1 at the coast to 1 mg L− 1 at the shelf break. Observations showed that most of suspended particles were mainly flocculated in micro and macro-flocs (30–400 μm) in inner shelf waters. The particle assemblage in the Rhône River plume and in the bottom nepheloid layer became progressively finer seaward and the associated effective density increased from 370 to 1600 kg m− 3. Outside the plume, planktonic organisms increasingly contributed to the total volume concentration. Finally, we demonstrated the ability of gliders, equipped with optical backscattering sensors at several wavelengths, to describe the fine scale distributions of suspended particles, and provide an index of their size distribution.
Tipo:  Text
Idioma:  Inglês

Editor:  Elsevier Science Bv
Relação:  info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/287600/EU//PERSEUS
Formato:  application/pdf
Fonte:  Journal Of Marine Systems (0924-7963) (Elsevier Science Bv), 2016-05 , Vol. 157 , P. 39-51
Direitos:  2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved


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