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Provedor de dados:  ArchiMer
País:  France
Título:  Air-sea CO2 flux variability in frontal regions of the Southern Ocean from CARbon Interface OCean Atmosphere drifters
Autores:  Boutin, Jacqueline
Merlivat, L.
Henocq, C.
Martin, Nicolas
Sallee, Jean-baptiste
Data:  2008-09
Ano:  2008
Palavras-chave:  Antarctic circumpolar current
Northwestern mediterranean sea
Atlantic sector
Surface water
Gas exchange
Polar front
Resumo:  Nine CARbon Interface OCean Atmosphere (CARIOCA) drifters were deployed in the Southern Ocean (south of the subtropical front, STF) between 2001 and 2006. They recorded 65 months of measurements in all seasons between 57 degrees S and 40 degrees S. Hydrological fronts detected by altimetry indicate that one buoy explored the polar zone (PZ) of the Atlantic Ocean and the western Indian Ocean; the remaining buoys explored the northern and southern parts of the subantarctic zone (SAZ) from the mid-Indian Ocean (73 degrees E) to the eastern Pacific Ocean (112 degrees W). The air-sea CO2 fluxes along the buoy trajectories are primarily driven by the spatial variability of the fugacity of CO2 in seawater, fCO(2): in the SAZ, they vary between -1.1 and -4.2 mol m(-2) yr(-1), and the largest sinks occur close to the STF; in the PZ they vary between -1.6 and 0.6 mol m(-2) yr(-1). When spatially extrapolated over each region, the yearly fluxes amount to -0.8 Pg C yr(-1) in the SAZ and to -0.1 Pg C yr(-1) in the PZ, with very small seasonal variation. In winter-spring, the sea-surface salinity and sea-surface temperature indicate mixing with deep water close to the subantarctic front and an episodic signature of north Atlantic deep water close to the polar front (PF). These events are associated with fCO(2) close to equilibrium. On a small scale (of a few km), close to the STF, fCO(2) variations of 1-2 Pa (10-20 mu atm) are associated with the presence of compensated mixed layers.
Tipo:  Text
Idioma:  Inglês

Editor:  Amer Soc Limnology Oceanography
Formato:  application/pdf
Fonte:  Limnology And Oceanography (0024-3590) (Amer Soc Limnology Oceanography), 2008-09 , Vol. 53 , N. 5, part 2 , P. 2062-2079
Direitos:  2008, by the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, Inc.


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