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Provedor de dados:  5
País:  France
Título:  δ13C, δ15N, and C:N ratios as nutrition indicators of zooxanthellate jellyfishes: insights from an experimental approach
Autores:  Djeghri, Nicolas
Stibor, Herwig
Lebeau, Oanez
Pondaven, Philippe
Data:  2020-01
Ano:  2020
Palavras-chave:  Stable isotopes
C:N ratios
Resumo:  Some jellyfish host zooxanthellae in their tissues (mostly from the family Symbiodiniaceae; Dinophyceae) and supplement their heterotrophic nutrition with their symbiont's photosynthates. The mixotrophy of zooxanthellate jellyfishes (as holobionts) renders the study of their nutrition, growth, and population dynamics complicated. Here, we used an experimental approach to assess how carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes (δ13C and δ15N) as well as the elemental composition (C:N ratios) of zooxanthellate jellyfishes are affected by variations in nutrition sources: i. e. predation (heterotrophic) versus photosynthesis (autotrophic). Our laboratory experiment, conducted on the zooxanthellate jellyfish Cassiopea sp. medusae (including symbionts) in the presence or absence of light and prey during 24 days, showed conclusive results. Presence of light decreased δ15N, increased δ13C and C:N ratios, whereas presence of prey increased δ15N, and decreased δ13C and C:N ratios. The medusae incubated with both light and prey had intermediate δ15N, δ13C and C:N ratios. Variations in zooxanthellate jellyfishes' nutrition sources (autotrophy vs. heterotrophy) are thus reflected by their isotopic and elemental composition. By disentangling the effects of autotrophy and of heterotrophy on zooxanthellate jellyfish isotopic and elemental compositions, these results would help to interpret the values of δ13C, δ15N and C:N ratios that can be observed on these organisms in fieldwork studies.
Tipo:  Text
Idioma:  Inglês

Editor:  Elsevier BV
Formato:  application/pdf
Fonte:  Journal Of Experimental Marine Biology And Ecology (0022-0981) (Elsevier BV), 2020-01 , Vol. 522 , P. 151257 (8p.)
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

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