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Provedor de dados:  ArchiMer
País:  France
Título:  Taxonomic revision, phylogeny, and cyst wall composition of the dinoflagellate cyst genus Votadinium Reid (Dinophyceae, Peridiniales, Protoperidiniaceae)
Autores:  Gurdebeke, Pieter R.
Mertens, Kenneth
Pospelova, Vera
Matsuoka, Kazumi
Li, Zhen
Gribble, Kristin E.
Gu, Haifeng
Bogus, Kara
Vrielinck, Henk
Louwye, Stephen
Data:  2020
Ano:  2020
Palavras-chave:  Taxonomy
Dual nomenclature
Cyst wall composition
Resumo:  The taxonomy of the dinoflagellate cyst-based genus Votadinium has been in need of revision. This was accomplished here by integrating morphology, LSU rDNA sequences, and cyst wall composition analyses through micro-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Three new species, Votadinium pontifossatum, V. rhomboideum and V. reidii, were described as cyst stages of Protoperidinium paraoblongum, P. quadrioblongum, and P. steidingerae, respectively. A previously undescribed type of ornamentation was reported for V. pontifossatum. A fourth new species was assigned to V. concavum. Furthermore, Lejeunecysta psilodora Benedek (=Lejeunecysta psuchra Matsuoka), was re-described as V. psilodora and the holotype re-illustrated, as was done for the holotype of V. spinosum Reid. New illustrations were provided for V. elongatum and V. nanhaiense. LSU rDNA sequences of V. concavum revealed its placement in the Oceanica section of the genus Protoperidinium, supporting earlier evidence that the Oceanica section and the cyst based genus Votadinium form a monophyletic clade. Thus, Votadinium could be considered the cyst equivalent of the motile-defined Oceanica section. The cyst walls of Votadinium spinosum, V. calvum and V. pontifossatum are built from carbohydrate-based macromolecules with N-containing functional groups in agreement with the heterotrophic nature of their motile stage. Comparison with related genera Trinovantedinium and Quinquecuspis reveals that the species and genera can be separated based on cyst wall composition, supporting the phylogeny based on molecular data and/or ecological differences. Furthermore, Trinovantedinium applanatum spectra unexpectedly show an additional absorption at 1510 cm−1 indicating an aromatic group that is commonly reported for sporopollenin and not seen in dinoflagellate cysts so far. This study stabilizes the taxonomy of the cyst genus Votadinium, clarifies its relationship to the Oceanica section of Protoperidinium, and further supports the application of whole cyst wall chemistry in helping address problems in dinoflagellate cyst taxonomy and ecology.
Tipo:  Text
Idioma:  Inglês

Editor:  Informa UK Limited
Formato:  application/pdf
Fonte:  Palynology (0191-6122) (Informa UK Limited), 2020 , Vol. 44 , N. 2 , P. 310-335
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

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