Sabiia Seb
        Busca avançada

Botão Atualizar

Botão Atualizar

Registro completo
Provedor de dados:  ArchiMer
País:  France
Título:  Aerobic capacities and swimming performance of polar cod (Boreogadus saida) under ocean acidification and warming conditions
Autores:  Kunz, Kristina Lore
Claireaux, Guy
Poertner, Hans-otto
Knust, Rainer
Mark, Felix Christopher
Data:  2018-11
Ano:  2018
Palavras-chave:  Climate change
Arctic cod
Aerobic scope
Resumo:  Polar cod (Boreogadus saida) is an important prey species in the Arctic ecosystem, yet its habitat is changing rapidly: climate change, through rising seawater temperatures and CO2 concentrations, is projected to be most pronounced in Arctic waters. This study aimed to investigate the influence of ocean acidification and warming on maximum performance parameters of B. saida as indicators for the species' acclimation capacities under environmental conditions projected for the end of this century. After 4 months at four acclimation temperatures (0, 3, 6, 8 degrees C) each combined with two P-CO2 levels (390 and 1170 mu atm), aerobic capacities and swimming performance of B. saida were recorded following a U-crit protocol. At both CO2 levels, standard metabolic rate (SMR) was elevated at the highest acclimation temperature indicating thermal limitations. Maximum metabolic rate (MMR) increased continuously with temperature, suggesting an optimum temperature for aerobic scope for exercise (AS(ex)) at 6 degrees C. Aerobic swimming performance (U-gait) increased with acclimation temperature irrespective of CO2 levels, while critical swimming speed (U-crit) did not reveal any clear trend with temperature. Hypercapnia evoked an increase in MMR (and thereby AS(ex)). However, swimming performance (both U-gait and U-crit) was impaired under elevated nearfuture P-CO2 conditions, indicating reduced efficiencies of oxygen turnover. The contribution of anaerobic metabolism to swimming performance was very low overall, and further reduced under hypercapnia. Our results revealed high sensitivities of maximum performance parameters (MMR, U-gait, U-crit) of B. saida to ocean acidification. Impaired swimming capacity under ocean acidification may reflect reduced future competitive strength of B. saida.
Tipo:  Text
Idioma:  Inglês

Editor:  Company Biologists Ltd
Formato:  application/pdf
Fonte:  Journal Of Experimental Biology (0022-0949) (Company Biologists Ltd), 2018-11 , Vol. 221 , N. 21 , P. jeb184473 (11p.)
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

restricted use

Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária - Embrapa
Todos os direitos reservados, conforme Lei n° 9.610
Política de Privacidade
Área restrita

Parque Estação Biológica - PqEB s/n°
Brasília, DF - Brasil - CEP 70770-901
Fone: (61) 3448-4433 - Fax: (61) 3448-4890 / 3448-4891 SAC:

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional