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Provedor de dados:  Bragantia
País:  Brazil
Título:  Yield loss and economic thresholds of yellow nutsedge in irrigated rice as a function of the onset of flood irrigation
Autores:  Westendorff,Nixon da Rosa
Ulguim,André da Rosa
Perboni,Lais Tessari
Silva,Bruno Moncks da
Data:  2014-03-01
Ano:  2014
Palavras-chave:  Cyperus esculentus
Oryza sativa
Rectangular hyperbole
Resumo:  Yellow nutsedge (Cyperus esculentus) is adapted to flooding and reduces yield in irrigated rice. Information on the competitive ability of this weed with the crop and the size of the economic damage caused is lacking. Mathematical models quantify the damage to crops and support control decision-making. This study aimed to determine yield losses and economic thresholds (ET) of this weed in the culture according to weed population and time of onset of irrigation of the crop. The field study was conducted in the agricultural year of 2010/2011 in Pelotas/RS to evaluate the competitive ability of BRS Querência in competition with different population levels of yellow nutsedge and two periods of onset of flood irrigation (14 and 21 days after emergence). The hyperbolic model satisfactorily estimated yield losses caused by yellow nutsedge. Population of yellow nutsedge was the variable most fitted to the model. The delay of seven days for the beginning of rice irrigation causes decrease in competitive ability of BRS Querência, and based on the ET calculated to the price paid for rice, it is necessary between two and thirteen plants m-2 weed to justify the control in the first and second period of irrigation, respectively. Increases in yield, price paid for rice and control efficiency of the herbicide, besides reduction of costs of controlling promote reduction of ET of yellow nutsedge in rice crops, justifying the adoption of control measures even at smaller weed population.
Tipo:  Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Idioma:  Inglês
Editor:  Instituto Agronômico de Campinas
Relação:  10.1590/brag.2014.001
Formato:  text/html
Fonte:  Bragantia v.73 n.1 2014
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

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