Sabiia Seb
        Busca avançada

Botão Atualizar

Botão Atualizar

Registro completo
Provedor de dados:  BJMBR
País:  Brazil
Título:  Regulation of nephron acidification by corticosteroids
Data:  1997-04-01
Ano:  1997
Palavras-chave:  Aldosterone
Bicarbonate reabsorption
Resumo:  The present paper reviews work from our laboratories evaluating the importance of adrenal cortical hormones in acidification by proximal and cortical distal tubules. Proximal acidification was determined by stationary microperfusion, and measurement of bicarbonate reabsorption using luminal pH determination was performed with H+-ion-sensitive microelectrodes. Rats were adrenalectomized (ADX) 48 h before the experiments, and corticosteroids (aldosterone (A), corticosterone (B), and 18-OH corticosterone (18-OH-B)) were injected intramuscularly 100 and 40 min before the experiments. In ADX rats stationary pH increased significantly to 7.03 as compared to sham-operated rats (6.78). Bicarbonate reabsorption decreased from 2.65 ± 0.18 in sham-operated rats to 0.50 ± 0.07 nmol cm-2 s-1 after ADX. The administration of the three hormones stimulated proximal tubule acidification, reaching, however, only 47.2% of the sham values in aldosterone-treated rats. Distal nephron acidification was studied by measuring urine minus blood pCO2 differences (U-B pCO2) in bicarbonate-loaded rats treated as above. This pCO2 difference is used as a measure of the distal nephron ability to secrete H+ ions into an alkaline urine. U-B pCO2 decreased significantly from 39.9 ± 1.26 to 11.9 ± 1.99 mmHg in ADX rats. When corticosteroids were given to ADX rats before the experiment, U-B pCO2 increased significantly, but reached control levels only when aldosterone (two 3-µg doses per rat) plus corticosterone (220 µg) were given together. In order to control for the effect of aldosterone on distal transepithelial potential difference one group of rats was treated with amiloride, which blocks distal sodium channels. Amiloride-treated rats still showed a significant reduction in U-B pCO2 after ADX. Only corticosterone and 18-OH-B but not aldosterone increased U-B pCO2 back to the levels of sham-operated rats. These results show that corticosteroids stimulate renal tubule acidification both in proximal and distal nephrons and provide some clues about the mechanism of action of these steroids
Tipo:  Info:eu-repo/semantics/other
Idioma:  Inglês
Editor:  Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Relação:  10.1590/S0100-879X1997000400008
Formato:  text/html
Fonte:  Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research v.30 n.4 1997
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária - Embrapa
Todos os direitos reservados, conforme Lei n° 9.610
Política de Privacidade
Área restrita

Parque Estação Biológica - PqEB s/n°
Brasília, DF - Brasil - CEP 70770-901
Fone: (61) 3448-4433 - Fax: (61) 3448-4890 / 3448-4891 SAC:

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional