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Provedor de dados:  BJMBR
País:  Brazil
Título:  A novel hot-plate test sensitive to hyperalgesic stimuli and non-opioid analgesics
Autores:  Lavich,T.R.
Data:  2005-03-01
Ano:  2005
Palavras-chave:  Hyperalgesia
Hargreaves' test
Modified hot-plate test
Prostaglandin E2
Resumo:  It is widely accepted that the classical constant-temperature hot-plate test is insensitive to cyclooxygenase inhibitors. In the current study, we developed a variant of the hot-plate test procedure (modified hot-plate (MHP) test) to measure inflammatory nociception in freely moving rats and mice. Following left and right hind paw stimulation with a phlogogen and vehicle, respectively, the animals were placed individually on a hot-plate surface at 51ºC and the withdrawal latency for each paw was determined simultaneously in measurements performed at 15, 60, 180, and 360 min post-challenge. Plantar stimulation of rats (250 and 500 µg/paw) and mice (125-500 µg/paw) with carrageenan led to a rapid hyperalgesic response of the ipsilateral paw that reached a plateau from 15 to 360 min after challenge. Pretreatment with indomethacin (4 mg/kg, ip) inhibited the phenomenon at all the times analyzed. Similarly, plantar stimulation of rats and mice with prostaglandin E2 (0.5 and 1 µg/paw) also resulted in rapid hyperalgesia which was first detected 15 min post-challenge. Finally, we observed that the MHP test was more sensitive than the classical Hargreaves' test, being able to detect about 4- and 10-fold lower doses of prostaglandin E2 and carrageenan, respectively. In conclusion, the MHP test is a simple and sensitive method for detecting peripheral hyperalgesia and analgesia in rats and mice. This test represents a low-cost alternative for the study of inflammatory pain in freely moving animals.
Tipo:  Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Idioma:  Inglês
Editor:  Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Relação:  10.1590/S0100-879X2005000300016
Formato:  text/html
Fonte:  Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research v.38 n.3 2005
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

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