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Provedor de dados:  BJMBR
País:  Brazil
Título:  Administration of interferon-g to pregnant rats reverses the depressed adjuvant-induced arthritis of their chronically Trypanosoma cruzi-infected offspring
Autores:  Didoli,G.
Data:  1999-06-01
Ano:  1999
Palavras-chave:  Interferon gamma
Adjuvant arthritis
T. cruzi
T cell subsets
Resumo:  We demonstrated that administration of interferon gamma (IFN-<FONT FACE="Symbol">g</font>) to the inbred "l" strain of pregnant rats conferred partial resistance on their offspring to challenge with Trypanosoma cruzi. We now examine if this intervention also modifies the reportedly immunodepressed cellular responses which occur during chronic infection. Offspring were born to mothers undergoing one of the following procedures during gestation: subcutaneous injections of recombinant rat IFN-<FONT FACE="Symbol">g</font>, 50,000 IU/rat, five times/week for 3 weeks, which was started on the day of mating (IFN-Mo); infection with 106 trypomastigotes of T. cruzi at 7, 14, and 21 days after mating plus IFN-<FONT FACE="Symbol">g</font> treatment as given to the former group (TcIFN-Mo); the same protocol except that physiological saline was injected instead of IFN-<FONT FACE="Symbol">g</font> (Tc-Mo); injection of physiological saline only (control-Mo). All offspring groups (N = 8-10/group) were infected at weaning and were assessed 90 days later for their adjuvant-induced arthritic response or levels of major T cell subsets in spleen and lymph nodes. TcIFN-Mo and IFN-Mo offspring showed a reestablished arthritic response, which remained within the range seen in controls. Immunolabeling studies on parallel groups of 90-day-infected offspring showed that the inverse CD4/CD8 cell ratio that is usually seen in lymphoid organs from these chronically infected rats (median 0.61) appeared to have recovered in the TcIFN-Mo and IFN-Mo groups (median 1.66 and 1.78, respectively) and was not different from uninfected controls (1.96). These studies indicate that early stimulation with IFN-<FONT FACE="Symbol">g</font> is able to reverse the immunosuppressive state that is usually present during the chronic period of the experimental infection.
Tipo:  Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Idioma:  Inglês
Editor:  Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Relação:  10.1590/S0100-879X1999000600011
Formato:  text/html
Fonte:  Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research v.32 n.6 1999
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

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