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Provedor de dados:  BJM
País:  Brazil
Título:  Antifungal activity against Cryptococcus neoformans strains and genotoxicity assessment in human leukocyte cells of Euphorbia tirucalli L.
Autores:  Oliveira,Luís Flávio Souza de
Fuentefria,Alexandre Meneghello
Klein,Fernanda da Silva
Machado,Michel Mansur
Data:  2014-12-01
Ano:  2014
Palavras-chave:  Euphorbia tirucalli L.
Aveloz
Antifungal
Cryptococcus neoformans
Resumo:  In the last times, focus on plant research has increased all over the world. Euphorbia tirucalli L., a plant known popularly as Aveloz, and originally used in Africa, has been drawing attention for its use in the United States and Latin America, both for use as an ornamental plant and as a medicinal plant. E. tirucalli L. is a member of the family Euphorbiaceae and contains many diterpenoids and triterpenoids, in particular phorbol esters, apparently the main constituent of this plant, which are assumed to be responsible for their activities in vivo and in vitro. The in vitro antifungal activities of Euphorbia tirucalli (L.) against opportunistic yeasts were studied using microbroth dilution assay. The results showed that aqueous extract and latex preparation were effective against ten clinical strains of Cryptococcus neoformans in vitro (Latex and extract MIC range of 3.2 - > 411 µg/mL). Aiming the safe use in humans, the genotoxic effects of E. tirucalli were evaluated in human leukocytes cells. Our data show that both aqueous extract and latex preparation have no genotoxic effect in human leukocytes cells in vitro. Although the results cannot be extrapolated by itself for use in vivo, they suggest a good perspective for a therapeutic application in future. In conclusion, our results show that the aqueous extract and latex preparation from E. tirucalli L. are antifungal agents effectives against several strains of C. neoformans and do not provoke DNA damage in human leukocyte cells, considering the concentrations tested.
Tipo:  Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Idioma:  Inglês
Identificador:  http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822014000400027
Editor:  Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia
Relação:  10.1590/S1517-83822014000400027
Formato:  text/html
Fonte:  Brazilian Journal of Microbiology v.45 n.4 2014
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
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