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Provedor de dados:  Braz. J. Plant Physiol.
País:  Brazil
Título:  Effects of different drying rates on the physiological quality of Coffea canephora Pierre seeds
Autores:  Rosa,Sttela Dellyzete Veiga Franco da
Brandão Júnior,Delacyr da Silva
Von Pinho,Édila Vilela de Resende
Veiga,André Delly
Silva,Luiz Hildebrando de Castro e
Data:  2005-06-01
Ano:  2005
Palavras-chave:  Coffee tree
Desiccation tolerance
Seed storage
Resumo:  Desiccation tolerance in seeds depends on the species, development stage and drying conditions, especially the water removal rate. Coffea seeds are considered of intermediate performance, because they tolerate relative dehydration compared to orthodox seeds and are sensitive to low temperatures. The objective of this study was to verify the effect of different drying rates on the viability and storability of Coffea canephora seeds. A complete randomized experimental design was used, in a factorial 3 x 5 x 2 design, with three drying rates (fast, intermediate and slow), five final mean water contents after drying (51, 42, 33, 22 and 15 %) and two storage temperatures (10 and 20°C). The germination and seed vigor assessments, using radicle protrusion, cotyledon leaf opening, seedling emergence and emergence speed index, were performed shortly after drying and after two and four months storage. It was observed that with reduction in the water content there was reduction in the germination values and seed vigor, for all the drying rates. The greatest reductions in physiological quality occurred when the seeds were dried quickly and the best results were obtained at the intermediate drying rate. There was an effect of drying rate and storage temperature on the physiological quality of the seeds, and lower germination and vigor values were observed in seeds with lower water content stored at 20°C. C. canephora seeds were tolerant to desiccation down to 15 % water content and can be stored for four months at 10°C. A temperature of 20ºC can be used to store C. canephora seeds, as long as the water content is not reduced to values below 22 % water content.
Tipo:  Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Idioma:  Inglês
Editor:  Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology
Relação:  10.1590/S1677-04202005000200002
Formato:  text/html
Fonte:  Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology v.17 n.2 2005
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

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