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Provedor de dados:  63
País:  Brazil
Título:  Scarification with sulphuric acid of Schizolobium amazonicum Huber ex Ducke seeds - FABACEAE
Autores:  Cruz,Eniel David
Carvalho,José Edmar Urano de
Queiroz,Rafaela Josemara Barbosa
Data:  2007-06-01
Ano:  2007
Palavras-chave:  Tropical species
Amazonian region
Hard seed
Seeds coat impermeability
Physical dormancy
Resumo:  Seed coat impermeability to water occurs in many species, including Schizolobium amazonicum Huber ex Ducke. To promote germination in seeds with coat impermeability the use of sulphuric acid (H2SO4) is recommended. The objective of this study was to identify a better time for the scarification with sulphuric acid for S. amazonicum seeds. The effect of scarification with sulphuric acid for 20, 40 and 60 min on germination and speed germination was studied for seeds that were either sowed immediately after scarification or after a 24-hour period of immersion in water. Seeds were sown on a mix of sand and sawdust (1:1). The experimental design was completely randomized with four replications of 50 seeds. The statistical analysis of germination was carried out at six, nine, 12, 15, 18, 21 and 24 days after sowing, in a factorial scheme. For speed germination the means were compared by the Tukey test. There was an interaction between treatments to overcome dormancy and immersion time after scarification in most evaluations. Immersion in water accelerated the beginning of germination. All treatments to overcome dormancy promoted seed germination. However, scarification for 60 min, showed better germination, 92% when immediately sown and 86.5% when sown after 24 hours. Speed germination index was highest for scarified seeds for 60 min followed by immersion in water. Scarification for 60 min was the most efficient treatment to promote germination in S. amazonicum seeds.
Tipo:  Info:eu-repo/semantics/report
Idioma:  Inglês
Identificador:  http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-90162007000300017
Editor:  São Paulo - Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz"
Relação:  10.1590/S0103-90162007000300017
Formato:  text/html
Fonte:  Scientia Agricola v.64 n.3 2007
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
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