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Provedor de dados:  65
País:  Brazil
Título:  Spatial distribution of dairy heifers’ dung in silvopastoral systems
Autores:  Carnevalli,Roberta Aparecida
Mello,Andrea Cristina Tavares de
Coletti,Admar Junior
Data:  2019-01-01
Ano:  2019
Palavras-chave:  Pasture litter
Feces patches
Resumo:  ABSTRACT: Ruminants vary their walking trajectory according to the positioning of the trees in integrated systems, which can determine the concentration of dung deposition at certain locations. The aim of this study was to map the distribution of feces and the behavior of dairy heifers in sunny and shaded areas. This experiment was carried out in Mato Grosso, Brazil, where the main grazing conditioner is shade due to the presence of trees in the pastures. Shading levels used were: full sunlight (control), moderate shade (338 trees ha−1) and intensive shade (714 trees ha−1) in randomized complete blocks. The experimental period was divided into three evaluation periods based on rainfall distribution: rainy period = December 2012; transition period = March 2013 and dry period = June 2013. Animal behavior assessments and dung distribution mapping were performed. The full sunlight system displayed a higher concentration of feces patches at sites near the gate, cow drinkers and fences opposite the gate. Heifers picked shaded places for ruminating and idleness. The major concentration was reported in the central area and under trees, in shaded systems. There were places with greater feces concentrations, but when the pasture had trees, deposition did not only happen underneath trees but also in places under their influence. The distribution was more homogeneous when trees were present in large quantities. The shaded area available in pastures affects spatial distribution of dung, stimulating uniformity.
Tipo:  Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Idioma:  Inglês
Editor:  Universidade Federal de Santa Maria
Relação:  10.1590/0103-8478cr20180796
Formato:  text/html
Fonte:  Ciência Rural v.49 n.10 2019
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

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