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Provedor de dados:  Genet. Mol. Biol.
País:  Brazil
Título:  Regulation of adipogenesis by nucelar receptor PPARγ is modulated by the histone demethylase JMJD2C
Autores:  Fernando,Lizcano
Carolina,Romero
Vargas,Diana
Data:  2011-01-01
Ano:  2011
Palavras-chave:  PPARγ
Histones
Demethylation
JMJD2C
Deacetylation
Adipocyte
Trichostatin A
Resumo:  A potential strategy to combat obesity and its associated complications involves modifying gene expression in adipose cells to reduce lipid accumulation. The nuclear receptor Peroxisome Proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) is the master regulator of adipose cell differentiation and its functional activation is currently used as a therapeutic approach for Diabetes Mellitus type 2. However, total activation of PPARγ induces undesirable secondary effects that might be set with a partial activation. A group of proteins that produce histone demethylation has been shown to modify the transcriptional activity of nuclear receptors. Here we describe the repressive action of the jumonji domain containing 2C/lysine demethylase 4 C (JMJD2C/KDM4C) on PPARγ transcriptional activation. JMJD2C significantly reduced the rosiglitazone stimulated PPARγ activation. This effect was mainly observed in experiments performed using the Tudor domains that may interact with histone deacetylase class 1 (HDAC) and this interaction probably reduces the mediated activation of PPARγ. Trichostatin A, a HDAC inhibitor, reduces the repressive effect of JMJD2C. When JMJD2C was over-expressed in 3T3-L1 cells, a reduction of differentiation was observed with the Tudor domain. In summary, we herein describe JMJD2C-mediated reduction of PPARgamma transcriptional activation as well as preadipocyte differentiation. This novel action of JMJD2C might have an important role in new therapeutic approaches to treat obesity and its complications.
Tipo:  Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Idioma:  Inglês
Identificador:  http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572011000100004
Editor:  Sociedade Brasileira de Genética
Relação:  10.1590/S1415-47572010005000105
Formato:  text/html
Fonte:  Genetics and Molecular Biology v.34 n.1 2011
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
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