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Provedor de dados:  PAB
País:  Brazil
Título:  Towards a universal sampling protocol for soil biotas in the humid tropics
Autores:  Bignell,David Edward
Data:  2009-08-01
Ano:  2009
Palavras-chave:  Agricultural intensification
Deforestation
Functional groups
Sampling replication
Sampling schemes
Soil biodiversity
Resumo:  This paper reviews the methods for the inventory of below-ground biotas in the humid tropics, to document the (hypothesized) loss of soil biodiversity associated with deforestation and agricultural intensification at forest margins. The biotas were grouped into eight categories, each of which corresponded to a major functional group considered important or essential to soil function. An accurate inventory of soil organisms can assist in ecosystem management and help sustain agricultural production. The advantages and disadvantages of transect-based and grid-based sampling methods are discussed, illustrated by published protocols ranging from the original "TSBF transect", through versions developed for the alternatives to Slash-and-Burn Project (ASB) to the final schemes (with variants) adopted by the Conservation and Sustainable Management of Below-ground Biodiversity Project (CSM-BGBD). Consideration is given to the place and importance of replication in below-ground biological sampling and it is argued that the new sampling protocols are inclusive, i.e. designed to sample all eight biotic groups in the same field exercise; spatially scaled, i.e. provide biodiversity data at site, locality, landscape and regional levels, and link the data to land use and land cover; and statistically robust, as shown by a partial randomization of plot locations for sampling.
Tipo:  Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Idioma:  Inglês
Identificador:  http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-204X2009000800005
Editor:  Embrapa Secretaria de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento

Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira
Relação:  10.1590/S0100-204X2009000800005
Formato:  text/html
Fonte:  Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira v.44 n.8 2009
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
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