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Provedor de dados:  PAB
País:  Brazil
Título:  Heterosis in crosses among white grain maize populations with high quality protein
Autores:  Rodrigues,Márcio Costa
Chaves,Lázaro José
Pacheco,Cleso Antônio Patto
Data:  2006-01-01
Ano:  2006
Palavras-chave:  Zea mays
Partial diallel
General combining ability
Resumo:  The objective of this work was to investigate heterosis and its components in 16 white grain maize populations presenting high quality protein. These populations were divided according to grain type in order to establish different heterosis groups. The crosses were carried out according to a partial diallel cross design among flint and dent populations. Seven agronomic traits were evaluated in three environments while four leaf diseases and incidence of corn stunt were evaluated in one. Least square procedure was applied to the normal equation X'Xbeta = X'Y, to estimate the model effects and their respective sum of squares. Among the heterosis components, in diallel analysis, significance for average heterosis in grain yield, number of days to female flowering and to all evaluated diseases was detected. Specific heterosis was significant for days to female flowering and resistance to Puccinia polysora. Results concerned to grain yield trait indicate that populations with superior performance in dent group, no matter what flint population group is used in crosses, tend to generate superior intervarietal hybrids. In decreasing order of preference, the dent type populations CMS 476, ZQP/B 103 and ZQP/B 101 and the flint type CMS 461, CMS 460, ZQP/B 104 and ZQP/B 102 are recommended to form composites.
Tipo:  Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Idioma:  Inglês
Editor:  Embrapa Secretaria de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento

Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira
Relação:  10.1590/S0100-204X2006000100009
Formato:  text/html
Fonte:  Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira v.41 n.1 2006
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

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