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Provedor de dados:  PAB
País:  Brazil
Título:  Effect of two dosages of Metarhizium anisopliae var. acridum against Rhammatocerus schistocercoides Rehn
Autores:  Faria,Marcos Rodrigues de
Magalhães,Bonifácio Peixoto
Alves,Roberto Teixeira
Schmidt,Francisco Guilherme Vergolino
Silva,João Batista Tavares da
Frazão,Heloísa
Data:  2002-11-01
Ano:  2002
Palavras-chave:  Biological control
Microbial pesticide
Entomogenous fungus
Grasshopper
Oil formulation
Resumo:  The fungus Metarhizium anisopliae var. acridum, strain CG 423, was tested under field conditions against the gregarious grasshopper Rhammatocerus schistocercoides (Rehn) (Orthoptera: Acrididae). Conidia formulated in a racemic mixture of soybean oil and kerosene were sprayed under field conditions using an ultralow-volume hand-held atomizer Ulva Plus adjusted to deliver 2.9 L/ha. Bands composed of 2nd instar nymphs were treated with either 5.0x10(12) or 1.0x10(13) viable conidia/ha. The number of insects in each band was estimated at day one following spraying and by the end of the field trial (15 to 16 days post-treatment). Reductions in population size reached, in average, 65.8% and 80.4% for bands treated with the higher and lower dosage, respectively. For both dosages, total mortality rates of insects collected at two days post-application, and kept in cages for 14 days under lab conditions, showed no significant differences as compared to that obtained with insects collected immediately after spraying. Healthy insects were fed to native grasses sprayed on the field with 1.0x10(13) viable conidia/ha. Mortality levels of the nymphs fed on grasses collected two and four days post-application were not affected when compared to nymphs fed on grasses collected immediately following application.
Tipo:  Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Idioma:  Inglês
Identificador:  http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-204X2002001100003
Editor:  Embrapa Secretaria de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento

Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira
Relação:  10.1590/S0100-204X2002001100003
Formato:  text/html
Fonte:  Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira v.37 n.11 2002
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
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