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Provedor de dados:  Planta Daninha
País:  Brazil
Título:  Evaluation of the Mechanism Responsible for the Low-Level Resistance to Glyphosate in Goosegrass
Autores:  ULGUIM,A.R.
Data:  2017-01-01
Ano:  2017
Palavras-chave:  Cyt-P450 monooxygenase
Absorption and translocation
Eleusine indica
Resumo:  ABSTRACT Goosegrass (Eleusine indica) infests various crops, being reported as low-level resistant (LLR) to glyphosate. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the mechanisms of resistance to glyphosate in goosegrass by the cyt-P450 complex to identify changes in leaf anatomy of these plants and quantify the accumulation of shikimate in biotypes susceptible and with LLR. The metabolic rate was assessed by applying the cyt-P450 malathion inhibitor 30 minutes before the herbicide application. The analysis of the leaf anatomy consisted of a characterization of anatomic cross-sections and evaluation of the effect of glyphosate on the leaf epidermis and the conducting vessels. Plant tissue was collected 24 hours after treatment (HAT) of the dose-response curve to evaluate the accumulation of shikimate. The LLR biotype has not shown glyphosate metabolism by the early application of malathion due to the control of about 65% with or without applying the inhibitor. There is no anatomical evidence to determine the differential absorption of glyphosate by LLR biotypes. However, there is evidence of lower absorption and translocation of glyphosate in this biotype by lower stomatal density and a smaller diameter of the phloem. However, the LLR biotype presents diameter of phloem of 0.027 mm and stomatal density of 91.23 mm-2, values which are below the observed ones on the susceptible biotype. The susceptible biotype presents shikimate accumulation 17% higher compared to the biotype with LLR at a dose of 1,080 g e.a. ha-1, allowing to infer that the resistance mechanism is related to the enzyme insensitivity to the herbicide, which enables the use of appropriate management practices to control this weed.
Tipo:  Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Idioma:  Inglês
Editor:  Sociedade Brasileira da Ciência das Plantas Daninhas
Relação:  10.1590/s0100-83582017350100005
Formato:  text/html
Fonte:  Planta Daninha v.35 2017
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

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