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Provedor de dados:  Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
País:  Brazil
Título:  Reproductive characteristics of captive greater rhea (Rhea americana) males reared in the state of São Paulo, Brazil
Autores:  Góes,PAA
Cavalcante,AK da S
Perez,EG de A
Data:  2010-03-01
Ano:  2010
Palavras-chave:  Captive animals
Semen collection
Resumo:  Rheas (Rhea americana) belongs to the ratite group. Considering the commercial significance of this birds, some techniques, such as semen collection, were standardized. In this study, 107 male rheas (3 to 4 years of age) reared in commercial farms in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, were used. Semen was collected during the breeding and off-breeding seasons of 2001, 2002, and 2003. Bird hierarchical behavior was observed. Birds were restrained performed using a box and a black hood. Semen was collected by digital pressure on the base of the phallus, which size was measured, and the presence or absence of spiral shape was observed. Immediately after collection, semen samples were evaluated for volume, motility, sperm concentration, and morphology. In a limited number of birds, blood samples were collected to measure testosterone levels. Among the 69 birds studied during the breeding season, 44 presented large phalluses, out of which 26 showed spiral shape. The method of semen collection was efficient. The following semen parameter results were obtained: volume (0.68 ±0.14 ml), motility (61.11±11.54%), sperm concentration (3.29±1.33 x10(9) sptz/ml), and number of spermatozoa per ejaculate (2.40±1.38x10(9) sptz/ml). Morphological abnormalities were analyzed and recorded. Testosterone levels were statistically different (p = 0.0161) between the breeding and non-breeding season (53.28±18.41 ng/ml and 5:57±3.81 ng/ml, respectively). Variations in phallus size were also found between the breeding and non-breeding seasons. Larger phalluses and higher testosterone levels were correlated with dominant behavior. The results of the present experiment confirmed that it is possible to collect semen from rheas, allowing the future use of biotechnologies such as artificial insemination.
Tipo:  Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Idioma:  Inglês
Editor:  Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas
Relação:  10.1590/S1516-635X2010000100009
Formato:  text/html
Fonte:  Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science v.12 n.1 2010
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

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