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Provedor de dados:  Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
País:  Brazil
Título:  Effects of Heat Stress on the Daily Behavior of Wenchang Chickens
Autores:  Li,M
Data:  2015-12-01
Ano:  2015
Palavras-chave:  Heat stress
Broiler behavior
Behavioral observations
Wenchang chicken
Resumo:  ABSTRACT One-day old chicks were randomly distributed into acute heat stress (AHS) or persistent heat stress (PHS) groups. Each group was further divided into control (CK), and three AHS ages (1, 2,or 3 weeks of age) experimental subgroups. The chicks in AHS subgroups were submitted to acute heat stress (40oC for two hours between 12:00 and 14:00 hours during the weekend) and the effects of heat stress on several daily behaviors were observed. At 8 days of age, the chicks of PHS subgroups were submitted to heat stress (40oC daily). The heat treatment ceased during the weekends and the effects on the behavior were observed three times daily for three consecutive days. The results showed that, compared with the CK group, the duration and frequency of drinking and lying-down behaviors of the AHS birds increased, whereas the duration of feeding and standing significantly decreased (p<0.01). The time spent walking by PHS birds was significantly longer than that of the CK groups (p<0.01), and drinking was also significantly longer than that of the CK group and was significantly different when birds were three weeks old (p=0.05). When heat stress lasted for two and three weeks in PHS group, the duration of lying down was longer compared with the CK group; however, this behavior was significantly shorter than the CK group when birds were three weeks old (p<0.05). These results indicate that heat stress significantly affects the daily behavior of broilers, including feeding, drinking, lying, standing, and walking.
Tipo:  Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Idioma:  Inglês
Editor:  Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas
Relação:  10.1590/1516-635X1704559-566
Formato:  text/html
Fonte:  Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science v.17 n.4 2015
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

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