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Provedor de dados:  Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo
País:  Brazil
Título:  Characterization of Organic Matter under Different Pedoenvironments in the Viruá National Park, in Northern Amazon
Autores:  Vale Júnior,José Frutuoso do
Melo,Valdinar Ferreira
Uchôa,Sandra Catia Pereira
Cruz,Diego Lima de Sousa
Data:  2016-01-01
Ano:  2016
Palavras-chave:  Soil organic carbon
Humic substances
Resumo:  ABSTRACT Soil organic matter (SOM) fractions result from a variety of environmental processes, which affect incorporation and production rates, decomposition, alteration, and/or mineralization of organic matter. The aim of this study was to characterize SOM under the environments of rain forest, wooded campinarana (grasslands), arboreal-shrubby campinarana, grassy-woody campinarana, and pioneer plants of the Viruá National Park, in the north of the Brazilian Amazon. After chemical and physical characterization and soil classification, total organic carbon (TOC), total N, microbial activity, organic C from fulvic acid fractions (FA), humic acid (HA), and humin (Hu) were determined at two depths (0.00-0.15 and 0.15-0.30 m). The TOC was lower in the grassy-woody campinarana, arboreal-shrubby campinarana, and pioneer formation areas than in the rain forest. Higher values of microbial activity were related to forest ecosystems in soils without physical or water restrictions and with better fertility compared to the other areas. The Hu predominated in all vegetation types studied, especially in the surface layer, because of the more soluble nature of HA and FA; and the higher values of HA/FA ratios in wooded campinaranas indicate that these environments contribute to higher losses of humic substances through fulvic acid forms, due to better drainage conditions.
Tipo:  Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Idioma:  Inglês
Editor:  Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência do Solo
Relação:  10.1590/18069657rbcs20140480
Formato:  text/html
Fonte:  Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo v.40 2016
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

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