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Provedor de dados:  Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo
País:  Brazil
Título:  Spatial patterns of preconsolidation pressure and soil moisture along transects in two directions under coffee
Autores:  Gontijo,Ivoney
Souza Dias Junior,Moacir de
Guimarães,Paulo Tácito Gontijo
Oliveira,Marcelo Silva de
Ajayi,Ayodele Ebenezer
Data:  2011-08-01
Ano:  2011
Palavras-chave:  Semivariogram
Soil compaction
Soil sampling
Resumo:  Information on the spatial structure of soil physical and structural properties is needed to evaluate the soil quality. The purpose of this study was to investigate the spatial behavior of preconsolidation pressure and soil moisture in six transects, three selected along and three across coffee rows, at three different sites under different tillage management systems. The study was carried out on a farm, in Patrocinio, state of Minas Gerais, in the Southeast of Brazil (18 º 59 ' 15 '' S; 46 º 56 ' 47 '' W; 934 m asl). The soil type is a typic dystrophic Red Latosol (Acrustox) and consists of 780 g kg-1 clay; 110 g kg-1 silt and 110 g kg-1 sand, with an average slope of 3 %. Undisturbed soil cores were sampled at a depth of 0.10-0.13 m, at three different points within the coffee plantation: (a) from under the wheel track, where equipment used in farm operations passes; (b) in - between tracks and (c) under the coffee canopy. Six linear transects were established in the experimental area: three transects along and three across the coffee rows. This way, 161 samples were collected in the transect across the coffee rows, from the three locations, while 117 samples were collected in the direction along the row. The shortest sampling distance in the transect across the row was 4 m, and 0.5 m for the transect along the row. No clear patterns of the preconsolidation pressure values were observed in the 200 m transect. The results of the semivariograms for both variables indicated a high nugget value and short range for the studied parameters of all transects. A cyclic pattern of the parameters was observed for the across-rows transect. An inverse relationship between preconsolidation pressure and soil moisture was clearly observed in the samples from under the track, in both directions.
Tipo:  Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Idioma:  Inglês
Editor:  Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência do Solo
Relação:  10.1590/S0100-06832011000400012
Formato:  text/html
Fonte:  Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo v.35 n.4 2011
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

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