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Provedor de dados:  Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo
País:  Brazil
Título:  Compositional and structural variabilities of Mg-rich iron oxide spinels from tuffite
Autores:  Mussel,W. N.
Fabris,J. D.
Coey,J. M. D.
Sans,L. M. A.
Lelis,M. F. F.
Data:  1999-12-01
Ano:  1999
Palavras-chave:  Magnetization
Magnetic soil
Resumo:  Maghemite (γFe2O3) from tuffite is exceptionally rich in Mg, relatively to most of those reportedly found in other mafic lithosystems. To investigate in detail the compositional and structural variabilities of this natural magnetic iron oxide, sets of crystals were isolated from samples collected at different positions in a tuffite weathering mantle. These sets of crystal were individually powdered and studied by X-ray diffractometry, Mössbauer spectroscopy, magnetization measurements and chemical analysis. Lattice parameter of the cubic cell (a0) was found to vary from 0.834(1) to 0.8412(1) nm. Lower a0-values are characteristic of maghemite whereas higher ones are related to a magnetite precursor. FeO content ranges up to 17 mass % and spontaneous magnetization ranges from 8 to 32 J T-1 kg-1. Zero-field room temperature Mössbauer spectra are rather complex, indicating that the hyperfine field distributions due to Fe3+ and mixed valence Fe3+/2+ overlap. The structural variabilities of the (Mg, Ti)-rich iron oxide spinels is essentially related to the range of chemical composition of its precursor (Mg, Ti)-rich magnetite, and probably to the extent to which it has been oxidized during transformation in soil.
Tipo:  Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Idioma:  Inglês
Editor:  Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência do Solo
Relação:  10.1590/S0100-06831999000400005
Formato:  text/html
Fonte:  Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo v.23 n.4 1999
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

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