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Provedor de dados:  Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo
País:  Brazil
Título:  Effects of surface application of calcium-magnesium silicate and gypsum on soil fertility and sugarcane yield
Autores:  Crusciol,Carlos Alexandre Costa
Foltran,Rodrigo
Rossato,Otavio Bagiotto
McCray,James Mabry
Rossetto,Raffaella
Data:  2014-12-01
Ano:  2014
Palavras-chave:  Soil acidity correction
Silicon
Stalk and sugar yield
Green sugarcane
Resumo:  Lime application recommendations for amendment of soil acidity in sugarcane were developed with a burnt cane harvesting system in mind. Sugarcane is now harvested in most areas without burning, and lime application for amendment of soil acidity in this system in which the sugarcane crop residue remains on the ground has been carried out without a scientific basis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in soil acidity and stalk and sugar yield with different rates of surface application of calcium, magnesium silicate, and gypsum in ratoon cane. The experiment was performed after the 3rd harvest of the variety SP 81-3250 in a commercial green sugarcane plantation of the São Luiz Sugar Mill (47º 25' 33" W; 21º 59' 46" S), located in Pirassununga, São Paulo, in southeast Brazil. A factorial arrangement of four Ca-Mg silicate rates (0, 850, 1700, and 3400 kg ha-1) and two gypsum rates (0 and 1700 kg ha-1) was used in the experiment. After 12 months, the experiment was harvested and technological measurements of stalk and sugar yield were made. After harvest, soil samples were taken at the depths of 0.00-0.05, 0.05-0.10, 0.10-0.20, 0.20-0.40, and 0.40-0.60 m in all plots, and the following determinations were made: soil pH in CaCl2, organic matter, P, S, K, Ca, Mg, H+Al, Al, Si, and base saturation. The results show that the application of gypsum reduced the exchangeable Al3+ content and Al saturation below 0.05 m, and increased the Ca2+ concentration in the whole profile, the Mg2+ content below 0.10 m, K+ below 0.4 m, and base saturation below 0.20 m. This contributed to the effect of surface application of silicate on amendment of soil acidity reaching deeper layers. From the results of this study, it may be concluded that the silicate rate recommended may be too low, since the greater rates used in this experiment showed greater reduction in soil acidity, higher levels of nutrients at greater depths and an increase in stalk and sugar yield.
Tipo:  Info:eu-repo/semantics/other
Idioma:  Inglês
Identificador:  http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-06832014000600019
Editor:  Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência do Solo
Relação:  10.1590/S0100-06832014000600019
Formato:  text/html
Fonte:  Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo v.38 n.6 2014
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
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