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Provedor de dados:  R. Bras. Zootec.
País:  Brazil
Título:  Dehydration curve, fungi and mycotoxins in Tifton 85 hay dehydrated in the field and in shed
Autores:  Taffarel,Loreno Egidio
Mesquita,Eduardo Eustáquio
Castagnara,Deise Dalazen
Costa,Patrícia Barcellos
Neres,Marcela Abbado
Horn,Marcelina Bottoni
Oliveira,Paulo Sérgio Rabello de
Meinerz,Cristiane Claudia
Data:  2013-06-01
Ano:  2013
Palavras-chave:  Contaminants
Dry matter
Forage conservation
Resumo:  The objective of this study was to estimate the dehydration curve and occurrence of fungi and mycotoxins in Tifton 85 hay. The experimental design was randomized blocks in split plots with four replications and five levels of nitrogen (0, 25, 50, 75 and 100 kg ha-1) in the form of urea, two regrowth ages (28 and 35 days) and drying hay in the sun and in shed. After harvesting, the grass was sampled four times (0, 8, 23 and 32 hours) to dry in the sun and twelve times (0, 3, 18, 27, 42, 51, 66, 75, 90, 99, 114 and 123 hours) for drying in shed, turned over daily. The fungi were identified after seeding and growth in three steps of haymaking (cutting, baling and after 30 days of storage). To verify the presence of mycotoxins, 20 samples, composed of hay stored for 30 days, were collected, of which 10 samples were from sun-dried hay and 10 from hay dried in shed. It took 32 hours to produce hay at field conditions, with water loss rates up to 6.10 g g-1 DM-h during the first 8 hours after cutting. The average loss of water in this period was 2.0 g g-1 DM-h. Hays dried in the shed took 123 hours and the dehydration rates were less than 0.5 g g-1 DM-h due to environmental conditions. There was a predominance of three genera of fungi: Fusarium, Penicillium and Aspergillus. The largest population was the Fusarium, followed by Penicillium, at the steps of baling and storage. The fumonisin mycotoxin was found at a higher concentration and there was no difference in fumonisin concentration in the hay dried in the sun and in shed. Although it brings no hazard to animal health, the production of aflatoxin and zearalenone was significantly higher in the samples of sun-dried hay.
Tipo:  Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Idioma:  Inglês
Editor:  Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia
Relação:  10.1590/S1516-35982013000600003
Formato:  text/html
Fonte:  Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia v.42 n.6 2013
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

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