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HETEROGENEOUS CONSTRAINTS, INCENTIVES AND INCOME DIVERSIFICATION STRATEGIES IN RURAL AFRICA AgEcon
Barrett, Christopher B.; Bezuneh, Mesfin; Clay, Daniel C.; Reardon, Thomas.
A burgeoning recent literature emphasizes "livelihood" diversification among smallholder populations (Chambers and Conway 1992, Davies 1993, Ellis 1998, Bryceson 1999, Ellis 2000, Little et al. 2001). While definitions vary within this literature, the concept of livelihoods revolves around the opportunity set afforded an individual or household by their asset endowment and their chosen allocation of those assets across various activities to generate a stream of benefits, most commonly measured as income. This holistic perspective has the potential to enhance our understanding of the strategies that farm households pursue to ensure food and income security given the natural and economic environment in which they operate. Diversification patterns...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital; O & Q12.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14761
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ASSESSING THE DEGREE OF FOOD INSECURITY IN THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: A PILOT PROJECT AgEcon
Bezuneh, Mesfin; Yiheyis, Zelealem; Del Rosario, Pedro-Juan; Ortiz, Luis.
The concept of food insecurity at the household and individual levels has been an area of extensive research in the late 1980s by individual researchers and public agencies. This work culminated in the development of the US Food Security Survey Module (FSSM), which is now seem to be the standard methodology of determining household food’s security status, at least in countries with developed economies. One of the purposes of this study is to adapt the FSSM in the context of a less developed economy, and thereby assess the prevalence of food insecurity and hunger. The module was administered as a pilot in a household survey of 110 low-income families in the Dominican Republic. This study found that 93% of the respondent were food-insecure, some more so...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Security Survey Model; Food Insecurity; Survey; Low income families; Household survey; CAES; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36971
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Has Trade Liberalization Improved Food Availability in Developing Countries? An Empirical Analysis AgEcon
Bezuneh, Mesfin; Yiheyis, Zelealem.
Trade liberalization has been promoted by the World Bank and IMF based on the argument that openness to trade will contribute to economic growth and development. More specifically, trade liberalization was expected to reduce poverty and improve food availability for local consumption, and thereby contributing to the reduction of malnutrition and to the overall efforts of food security of a nation. Despite the lack of consensus, most developing countries took the challenge to liberalize their economies. Quarter of a century later, to our knowledge, there is little or no consensus about the empirical relationship between trade liberalization events and food availability/security. The purpose of this paper is to examine empirically the effect of trade...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51136
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