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International agreements relating to plant genetic resources for food and agriculture and implications for Dutch policy AgEcon
Eaton, Derek J.F.; Kalaugher, Electra; Bijman, Jos.
Policy issues related to plant genetic resources are socially, technically and scientifically complex. This report summarises the international agreements and relevant bodies con-cerning plant genetic resources for food and agriculture, including the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), FAO Global Plan of Action on Plant Genetic Resources (GPA), the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (IT-PGRFA), the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), and the International Con-vention for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV). The various obligations arising from these conventions and treaties are reviewed. In so doing, this...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/29132
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Analysing the role of institutional arrangements: vegetable value chains in East Africa AgEcon
Eaton, Derek J.F.; Meijerink, Gerdien W.; Bijman, Jos; Belt, John.
Institutional innovations are increasingly seen as key to achieving not only agricultural growth, by overcoming market failures, but also to ensure that poor smallholders also benefit from this process. This paper analyses institutional arrangements for vegetable marketing in East Africa from a transaction cost perspective. Marketing of vegetables is still dominated by spot markets with some, but still limited, movement towards farmers' engaging collectively in contract farming through producers' organisations. It appears that little is understood concerning how farmers and traders have overcome transaction costs in such situations, and this area deserves increased attention. An understanding of how institutional change occurs is necessary if donor...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7921
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Entrepreneurship, Collective Entrepreneurship and the Producer-Owned Firm AgEcon
Bijman, Jos; Doorneweert, Bart.
Entrepreneurship is predominantly associated with the activities of an individual actor – the entrepreneur. It has also been related to the concept of firm ownership (e.g. Foss and Klein, 2005). This may lead to the conjecture that a collectively-owned firm is a setting for collective entrepreneurship. However, such reasoning encounters a number of taxing questions. If entrepreneurship is usually related to the individual, how does the collective embody entrepreneurial spirit and lead to effective outcomes? These and other questions will be addressed in this paper, which is mainly based on a review of the literature. The paper starts by providing an overview of the different schools of (economic) thought on entrepreneurship. Subsequently we discuss the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Entreprepreneurship; Cooperative; Pro; Agribusiness; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43960
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Should I Make or Should I Buy? Innovation Strategies and Governance Structures in the Italian Food Sector AgEcon
Pascucci, Stefano; Royer, Annie; Bijman, Jos.
This paper analyses the “make or buy” decision of food firms applied to innovation strategy using 389 Italian food firms data from the Unicredit 2007 database. We develop a set of hypothesis from three theoretical perspectives such as transaction cost economics, strategic management and resource-based view. Our paper aims at highlight whether or not different firm’s features can be linked to the decision to make or buy. We found out that these two decisions are positively interlinked. Moreover we also found out that it is difficult to indicate a clear-cut behaviour for the Italian food firms if we refer to making or buying decisions. We discuss these results and use them to bring some interesting outcomes to discuss managerial implications and/or policy...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Innovation determinants; Technology sourcing; Innovation.; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121856
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The Rise of New Farmer Cooperatives in China; Evidence from Hubei Province AgEcon
Bijman, Jos; Hu, Dinghuan.
Since the late 1990s, the number of farmer cooperatives in China has rapidly grown. The adoption of the national law on farmer professional cooperatives in 2007 has led to significant governmental support for the establishment and management of farmer professional cooperatives. This paper explores the organizational features of the newly established cooperatives as well as the services they provide to their members. Particular attention is given to the role of local entrepreneurs in grouping farmers and in acquiring support from local and regional state agencies. The paper is based on data about a group of 200 agriculture and aquaculture cooperatives in Hubei province, central China.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114252
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