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Multiple bottom-simulating reflections in the Black Sea: Potential proxies of past climate conditions ArchiMer
Popescu, Irina; De Batist, Marc; Lericolais, Gilles; Nouze, Herve; Poort, Jeffrey; Panin, Nicolae; Versteeg, Wim; Gillet, Herve.
A previously unknown pattern of multiple bottom-simulating reflections (BSRs) occurs on high-resolution reflection seismic data in the Danube deep-sea fan, associated with acoustic features indicating free gas. Our study provides evidence that this pattern is developed in relation with the architecture of distinct channel-levee systems of the Danube fan. Channel-levee systems hosting multiple BSRs act as relatively sealed gas-bearing systems whose top is situated above the base of the gas hydrate stability zone (BGHSZ). Inside these systems, free gas accumulates below the BGHSZ under a combined lithological, structural and stratigraphical control. The uppermost BSR marks the current equilibrium BGHSZ, for a gas composition of more than 99% methane....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Black Sea; Deep sea fan; Seismic data; Gas; Gas hydrates; Bottom simulating reflections.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1210.pdf
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Atlantic forcing of Western Mediterranean winter rain minima during the last 12,000 years ArchiMer
Zielhofer, Christoph; Fletcher, William J.; Mischke, Steffen; De Batist, Marc; Campbell, Jennifer F. E.; Joannin, Sebastien; Tjallingii, Rik; El Hamouti, Najib; Junginger, Annett; Stele, Andreas; Bussmann, Jens; Schneider, Birgit; Lauer, Tobias; Spitzer, Katrin; Strupler, Michael; Brachert, Thomas; Mikdad, Abdeslam.
The limited availability of high-resolution continuous archives, insufficient chronological control, and complex hydro-climatic forcing mechanisms lead to many uncertainties in palaeo-hydrological reconstructions for the Western Mediterranean. In this study we present a newly recovered 19.63 m long core from Lake Sidi Ali in the North African Middle Atlas, a transition zone of Atlantic, Western Mediterranean and Saharan air mass trajectories. With a multi-proxy approach based on magnetic susceptibility, carbonate and total organic C content: core-scanning and quantitative XRF, stable isotopes of ostracod shells, charcoal counts, Cedrus pollen abundance, and a first set of diatom data, we reconstruct Western Mediterranean hydro-climatic variability,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Holocene; Younger Dryas; Winter rain minima; Atlantic forcing; Western Mediterranean; North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO); Seasonality; Solar forcing; Lake sediments; Middle Atlas; Morocco.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00420/53188/55016.pdf
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Two-stage opening of the Dover Strait and the origin of island Britain ArchiMer
Gupta, Sanjeev; Collier, Jenny S.; Garcia-moreno, David; Oggioni, Francesca; Trentesaux, Alain; Vanneste, Kris; De Batist, Marc; Camelbeeck, Thierry; Potter, Graeme; Van Vliet-lanoe, Brigitte; Arthur, John C. R..
Late Quaternary separation of Britain from mainland Europe is considered to be a consequence of spillover of a large proglacial lake in the Southern North Sea basin. Lake spillover is inferred to have caused breaching of a rock ridge at the Dover Strait, although this hypothesis remains untested. Here we show that opening of the Strait involved at least two major episodes of erosion. Sub-bottom records reveal a remarkable set of sediment-infilled depressions that are deeply incised into bedrock that we interpret as giant plunge pools. These support a model of initial erosion of the Dover Strait by lake overspill, plunge pool erosion by waterfalls and subsequent dam breaching. Cross-cutting of these landforms by a prominent bedrock-eroded valley that is...
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Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00455/56635/58373.pdf
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