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Registros recuperados: 39
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
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IMPERFECT SUBSTITUTES, DEFERRED PRODUCER PAYMENT SYSTEM, AND STATE TRADING ENTERPRISES: AN EMPIRICAL TEST OF LEADERSHIP IN THE GLOBAL MALTING BARLEY MARKETS AgEcon
Dong, Fengxia; Marsh, Thomas L.; Stiegert, Kyle W..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: State Trading Enterprises; Imperfect substitute; Market leadership; Marketing.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36625
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SCALE ECONOMIES AND EFFICIENCIES FOR CHINESE RURAL CREDIT COOPERATIVES AgEcon
Dong, Fengxia; Featherstone, Allen M..
This paper evaluates scale economies and efficiencies for Rural Credit Cooperatives (RCCs) in China using both parametric and nonparametric techniques. Diseconomies of scale and allocative inefficiency are found. The results reveal the need for RCCs to decrease their size and the need for government to liberalize the financial market.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/35097
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THE WELFARE EFFECTS OF STATE TRADING ENTERPRISES: THE CASE OF US-CANADA MALTING BARLEY TRADE AgEcon
Dong, Fengxia; Stiegert, Kyle W..
The Canadian wheat Board is a single-desk state trading agency responsible for the marketing of all barley sold for human domestic consumption and for export. The U.S is the biggest importer of Canadian six-row malting barley. This study aims to analyze the welfare effects of State Trading Enterprises (STEs) as it applies to the US-Canada malting barley trade. A policy simulation was developed to determine the redistributive efficiency of single STE, a competitive structure, and a structure with oligopolistic processors.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36013
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STATE TRADING ENTERPRISES IN A DIFFERENTIATED ENVIRONMENT: THE CASE OF GLOBAL MALTING BARLEY MARKETS AgEcon
Dong, Fengxia; Marsh, Thomas L.; Stiegert, Kyle W..
The lack of transparency in the pricing and operational activities of state trading enterprises (STEs) has caused members of the World Trade Organization to express concern that certain countries' STEs might circumvent Uruguay Round commitments on export subsidies, domestic support, or market access. The purpose of this study is to examine the market structure of the differentiated world malting barley market in which two STEs (the Canadian Wheat Board and the Australian Barley Board) maintain jointly a very large share of the export market. In particular, this study focuses on the exclusive procuring and pricing policies used by both STEs to test if these intra-country mechanisms can generate leadership and shift rent from other exporting countries. A...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Malting barley; Market structure; Prepayment system; Product differentiation; Rent shifting; State trading enterprises (STEs).; Crop Production/Industries; Marketing.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18334
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TESTING FOR SEPARABILITY AND STRUCTURAL CHANGE IN URBAN CHINESE FOOD DEMAND AgEcon
Dong, Fengxia; Fuller, Frank H..
This paper estimates and tests separable demand specifications in food expenditures by urban consumers in China. Both parametric and nonparametric techniques are employed to obtain information about shifts in consumer preferences and appropriate commodity groupings. The results have implications for past and future research and policy analysis.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19923
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FAPRI 2004 U.S. and World Agricultural Outlook AgEcon
Beghin, John C.; Dong, Fengxia; Elobeid, Amani E.; Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Fuller, Frank H.; Hart, Chad E.; Kovacik, Karen; Matthey, Holger; Saak, Alexander E.; Tokgoz, Simla; Chavez, Eddie C.; Wailes, Eric J.; Womack, Abner W.; Meyers, William H.; Binfield, Julian C.R.; Brown, D. Scott; Kruse, John R.; Madison, Daniel; Meyer, Seth D.; Westhoff, Patrick C..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32046
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THE CHALLENGE OF CONFORMING TO SANITARY AND PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES FOR CHINA’'S AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS AgEcon
Dong, Fengxia; Jensen, Helen H..
China's bilateral trade in food and agricultural products has grown dramatically since the country'’s entry into the World Trade Organization (WTO). However, the country faces significant problems related to sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) compliance because of increasing concerns about food safety, stricter SPS requirements in trade, and competitiveness in export markets. China'’s food and agricultural industry will need to address the SPS issues and make significant changes in production and distribution methods in order to gain wider access to world markets. This study provides a systematic and comprehensive analysis of current Chinese SPS conditions, the food safety regulatory system, production environment, inspection technology, and information...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural exports; Agricultural production; China; Sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS); Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18698
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TECHNICAL AND SCALE EFFICIENCIES FOR CHINESE RURAL CREDIT COOPERATIVES: A BOOTSTRAPPING APPROACH IN DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS AgEcon
Dong, Fengxia; Featherstone, Allen M..
Chinese rural credit cooperatives (RCCs) are a major supplier of credit to the rural sector in the country. However, Chinese RCCs are currently encountering operating problems, and an experimental reform is being carried out to restructure and reform the RCCs. In order to have some idea about the efficacy of reform, it is important to have an understanding of the institutional economics underlying the delivery of rural credit in China. This paper evaluates pure technical efficiency, overall technical efficiency, and scale efficiencies for RCCs in China using nonparametric techniques. The use of a bootstrap algorithm is proposed to perform inference for efficiency measures.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Bootstrapping; Chinese rural credit cooperatives; Data envelopment analysis; Scale efficiency; Technical efficiency; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18597
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The Impact of the European Enlargement and Common Agricultural Policy Reforms on Agricultural Markets: Much Ado about Nothing? AgEcon
Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Beghin, John C.; Dong, Fengxia; Elobeid, Amani E.; Fuller, Frank H.; Matthey, Holger; Tokgoz, Simla; Wailes, Eric J..
Following a historical agreement on the EU enlargement, 10 new member states (NMS) acceded to the European Union on May 1, 2004. Although the European Union has expanded its membership in the past, this enlargement is unique in terms of its scope and diversity of the countries, area, and population involved. Thus, the effects of the EU enlargement on current and future member countries and on world commodity markets require careful consideration as the European Union is a major player in these markets. We analyze the effects of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) reform and enlargement on the EU-15, the NMS, and world agricultural markets. We compare three 10-year comprehensive agricultural outlook scenarios. In a "pre-enlargement" scenario, all...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: CAP reform; Common Agricultural Policy; EU enlargement; European agriculture; New Member States; Agricultural and Food Policy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18393
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Outlook for Asian Dairy Markets: The Role of Demographics, Income, and Prices AgEcon
Dong, Fengxia.
The paper first presents a 10-year outlook for major Asian dairy markets (China, India, Indonesia, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam) based on a world dairy model. Then, using Heien and Wessells's technique, dairy product consumption growth is decomposed into contributions generated by income growth, population growth, price change, and urbanization and these contributions are quantified. Using the world dairy model, the paper also analyzes the impacts of alternative assumptions of higher income levels and technology development in Asia on Asian dairy consumptions and world dairy prices. The outlook projects that Asian dairy consumption will continue to grow strongly in the next decade. The consumption decomposition...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18563
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FAPRI 2005 U.S. and World Agricultural Outlook AgEcon
Beghin, John C.; Dong, Fengxia; Elobeid, Amani E.; Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Fuller, Frank H.; Hart, Chad E.; Kovarik, Karen; Matthey, Holger; Saak, Alexander E.; Tokgoz, Simla; Wailes, Eric J.; Womack, Abner W.; Meyers, William H.; Binfield, Julian C.R.; Brown, D. Scott; Kruse, John R.; Madison, Daniel; Meyer, Seth D.; Westhoff, Patrick C.; Wilcox, Lori.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32048
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FAPRI 2006 U.S. and World Agricultural Outlook AgEcon
Beghin, John C.; Dong, Fengxia; Elobeid, Amani E.; Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Fuller, Frank H.; Hart, Chad E.; Kovarik, Karen; Tokgoz, Simla; Yu, Tun-Hsiang (Edward); Wailes, Eric J.; Chavez, Eddie C.; Womack, Abner W.; Meyers, William H.; Binfield, Julian C.R.; Brown, D. Scott; Kruse, John R.; Madison, Daniel; Meyer, Seth D.; Westhoff, Patrick C.; Wilcox, Lori.
The FAPRI 2006 U.S. and World Agricultural Outlook presents projections of world agricultural production, consumption, and trade under average weather patterns, existing farm policy, and policy commitments under current trade agreements and custom unions. Despite continued high energy prices, world economic growth is expected to remain strong in the coming decade, above 3% per annum. Other major drivers of the 2006 baseline include new bio-energy policies in several large countries, EU sugar policy reform, sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) shocks in livestock and poultry markets, and movements in the exchange rate.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7319
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Changing Diets in China's Cities: Empirical Fact or Urban Legend? AgEcon
Fuller, Frank H.; Dong, Fengxia.
Replaced with revised version of paper 09/12/07.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: China; Demand models; Food consumption; Nonparametric analysis; Parametric tests; Structural change; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18382
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The Impact of The European Enlargement and CAP Reforms on Agricultural Markets. Much Ado about Nothing? AgEcon
Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Beghin, John C.; Dong, Fengxia; Elobeid, Amani E.; Fuller, Frank H.; Matthey, Holger; Tokgoz, Simla; Wailes, Eric J..
We analyze the effects of the 2004 CAP reform and EU enlargement on European and world agricultural markets. We compare the results from a CAP reform only and a CAP reform plus enlargement scenarios to a no-enlargement baseline implementing Agenda 2000 CAP policies. We utilize the Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute's policy analysis model to simulate the effects of CAP reform and EU enlargement on production, consumption, and trade for the EU, its New Member States (NMS), and major players in world agricultural markets. The model is a partial-equilibrium model of world agricultural markets including important producer and consumer countries in world livestock and products, dairy, grains, oilseeds and products, cotton and sugar markets. Each...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP; Trade reform; Policy reform; Enlargement; New member states; European Union; Agricultural and Food Policy; Marketing; F1; Q17; Q18.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25618
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Effects of Food Safety Information on Meat Demand: A Comparison of the United States and Canada AgEcon
Dong, Fengxia; Jensen, Helen H..
In addition to the traditional economic factors such as income level and prices, food safety has a potentially significant impact on consumers'’ meat preferences. Therefore, understanding the consumers'’ responses to food safety information is important to policy analysts and the meat industry. As the U.S. and Canada have both experienced cases of BSE, it is useful to compare U.S. and Canadian consumer responses to food safety events to better understand factors that influence consumer response. The objective of this study is to compare both own- and cross-commodity impacts of publicized food safety information on U.S. and Canadian meat demand by setting up individual food safety indices for each meat product including beef, pork, and poultry using...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21105
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Impact of the South Korea-U.S. Free Trade Agreement on the U.S. Livestock Sector AgEcon
Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Hayes, Dermot J.; Dong, Fengxia.
The recently signed Korea-U.S. Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA) grants the U.S. livestock industry with preferential access to South Korea's import market. This study evaluates the likely impacts of the KORUS FTA on the U.S. livestock sector. Using the Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute's modeling system, we find that livestock prices increase by 0.5% to 3.8% under the agreement. And together with an expansion by 381 to 883 million pounds in meat exports, the value of U.S. exports increase by close to U.S.$2 billion, or a 15.2% increase. Because of differential baseline starting market shares and differential rates and staging specifications, the beef sector results are primarily driven by trade diversion impacts, while a combination of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Dairy; Free trade agreement; Livestock; Poultry; Trade creation and diversion.; International Relations/Trade; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7701
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Food Security and Biofuels Development: The Case of China AgEcon
Dong, Fengxia.
Biofuels production is expanding rapidly all over the world, driven by rising crude oil prices, the desire of countries to be energy independent, and concerns about climate change. As developed countries, especially the United States, are expanding biofuels production, developing countries are expanding their biofuels industries as well, to power their growing economies. However, developing countries must address the food security issue when they develop biofuels. As China is a developing country with rapid economic growth, population growth, significant demand for fuels, and food security concerns, it serves as a good example for studying the opportunities and challenges faced by developing countries under current conditions. This study analyzes the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Biofuels; Food security; China; Food Security and Poverty; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7699
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Challenges for China's Agricultural Exports: Compliance with Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures AgEcon
Dong, Fengxia; Jensen, Helen H..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Relations/Trade; Q13; Q18.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94456
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Emerging Biofuels: Outlook of Effects on U.S. Grain, Oilseed, and Livestock Markets AgEcon
Tokgoz, Simla; Elobeid, Amani E.; Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Hayes, Dermot J.; Babcock, Bruce A.; Yu, Tun-Hsiang (Edward); Dong, Fengxia; Hart, Chad E.; Beghin, John C..
Replaced with revised version of paper 06/04/08.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Biofuels; Corn acreage; Crop prices; Ethanol production; Food prices; Crop Production/Industries; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10009
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Long-Term and Global Tradeoffs between Bio-Energy, Feed, and Food AgEcon
Tokgoz, Simla; Elobeid, Amani E.; Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Hayes, Dermot J.; Babcock, Bruce A.; Yu, Tun-Hsiang (Edward); Dong, Fengxia; Hart, Chad E.; Beghin, John C..
Projections of U.S. ethanol production and its impacts on planted acreage, crop prices, livestock production and prices, trade, and retail food costs are presented under the assumption that current tax credits and trade policies are maintained. The projections were made using a multi-product, multi-country deterministic partial equilibrium model. The impacts of higher oil prices, a drought combined with an ethanol mandate, and removal of land from the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) relative to baseline projections are also presented. The results indicate that expanded U.S. ethanol production will cause long-run crop prices to increase. In response to higher feed costs, livestock farmgate prices will increase enough to cover the feed cost increases....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Biofuels; Corn acreage; Crop prices; Ethanol production; Food prices; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9811
Registros recuperados: 39
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
 

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