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Registros recuperados: 112
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Données statistiques de la pêche du marlin bleu aux Antilles Françaises (Guadeloupe et Martinique) : Proposition de reconstitution d’une série historique ArchiMer
Reynal, Lionel; Guyader, Olivier; Demaneche, Sebastien; Le Meur, Chloe; Lespagnol, Patrick.
Blue marlin is fished in the French Antilles around Fish Aggregating Devices (FADs). This fishery commenced in late 1985 and the fishing fleet reached its full potential in the second half of the 2000s. A fisheries information system (SIH), implemented from 2008, enables good estimation of catches and effort around FADs. The data on catch estimates of blue marlin and associated fishing effort are presented herein, as well as the methods used to assess them. From these and a survey of fishing masters, it is possible to reconstitute, year by year, the fishing fleet working around FADs in the French Antilles and to reconstitute a historical series of blue marlin landing.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: FAD; Statistics; Blue marlin; Fishing fleet; French Antilles.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00230/34089/32525.pdf
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Fish, fishers, seals and tourists: Economic consequences of creating a marine reserve in a multi-species, multi-activity context ArchiMer
Boncoeur, Jean; Alban, Frederique; Guyader, Olivier; Thebaud, Olivier.
This paper investigates some economic consequences of creating a marine reserve on both fishing and ecotourism, when the range of controllability of fishing effort is limited and the impact of the reserve on ecosystem is considered. The issue is illustrated by the example of creating a no-take zone in part of a region where fishing is managed through a limited entry license system, and which is inhabited by two interacting stocks: a stock of prey (fish) and a stock of predators (seals). While the former is targeted by commercial fishing, the latter is not subject to harvest but is a potential basis for a commercial non-extractive activity (seal watching). Analysis is conducted with the help of a bioeconomic model combining the features of marine reserve...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Marine protected areas; Multispecies interactions; Ecotourism; Bioeconomic modeling.
Ano: 2002 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00244/35506/34010.pdf
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A Case Study of Technological Switching and Technological Lock-In in the French Fisheries Sector: Why is Sustainable Change so Difficult? ArchiMer
Le Floc'H, Pascal; Daures, Fabienne; Guyader, Olivier; Wilson, James.
Many sectors such as the fishery show classic examples of technological lock-in and path dependence, even though some economists might predict smooth switching toward technologies that are more cost effective and sustainable. We use ideas from the evolutionary economics and public choice literatures to explain why trajectories of technological change, especially in fisheries, may not be smooth at all, but rather punctuated. The interest of technological change and switching behavior for fisheries economists and managers stems from the fact that control of effective effort, often necessary for sustainable management of the resource, remains a central management problem for that sector worldwide, even in developed countries. However, various policies put in...
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Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00109/21987/20057.pdf
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French marine - related economic data, 2001 ArchiMer
Daures, Fabienne; Girard, Sophie; Guyader, Olivier; Kalaydjian, Regis; Kerautret, Sylvie; Le Roux, Johann; Perez, Jose; Thebaud, Olivier.
This document presents a survey of the marine-related activities in France, i.e. those of the commercial sector (exploitation of mineral and living resources, manufacturing industries, services) and those of the public sector (Navy, State services, education, safety, marine research). A chapter is devoted to the protection of the coastal and marine environment, and the chapter on tourism gives quantitative data on the impacts of the pollution caused by the Erika oil-tanker. Each activity of the commercial sector is described by key-figures (turnover, value added, employment). The description of the non-commercial public sector includes data on costs, including personnel costs. In addition to these figures, qualitative information is given on the recent...
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Ano: 2002 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00117/22852/20661.pdf
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A comparative review of fisheries management experiences in the European Union and in other countries worldwide: Iceland, Australia, and New Zealand ArchiMer
Marchal, Paul; Andersen, Jesper Levring; Aranda, Martin; Fitzpatrick, Mike; Goti, Leyre; Guyader, Olivier; Haraldsson, Gunnar; Hatcher, Aaron; Hegland, Troels Jacob; Le Floc H, Pascal; Macher, Claire; Malvarosa, Loretta; Maravelias, Christos D.; Mardle, Simon; Murillas, Arantza; Nielsen, J. Rasmus; Sabatella, Rosaria; Smith, Anthony D. M.; Stokes, Kevin; Thoegersen, Thomas; Ulrich, Clara.
This study compares the details and performance of fisheries management between the EU and a selection of other countries worldwide: Iceland, New Zealand, and Australia, which are considered in many respects to be among the most advanced in the world in fisheries management. Fisheries management in the EU, Iceland, Australia, and New Zealand has developed following different paths, despite being based on similar instruments and principles. Iceland, Australia, and New Zealand have been at the forefront of developing management practices such as stakeholder involvement, legally binding management targets (Australia, New Zealand), individual transferable quotas, and discard bans (Iceland, New Zealand). The EU has since the beginning of the 21st century taken...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Australia; Comparative review; European Union; Fisheries management; Iceland; New Zealand.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00312/42305/41699.pdf
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A microeconomic model of discarding behaviour ArchiMer
Macher, Claire; Guyader, Olivier; Boncoeur, Jean.
This paper proposes a formal analysis of the discarding issue including the sorting labour costs. Empirical evidences from an application to the Nephrops fishery in the Bay of Biscay show that sorting is an important time consuming activity on board and a factor of discarding. However existing literature does not explicitly take into account the sorting activity and mainly focus on quota and catch constraints. The discarding model described in the paper includes sorting as a factor explaining discards. The costs of sorting landings and the time to sort them are included in the approach. The model is developed for one species studied at a tow scale with the assumption that catches are exogenous. It is shown that taking sorting costs into account, discarding...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Discarding behaviour; Sorting; Microeconomic model; Nephrops fishery; Effort constraints.
Ano: 2006 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00511/62306/66554.pdf
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Modelling the fishing costs of French commercial vessels in the Bay of Biscay ArchiMer
Daures, Fabienne; Trenkel, Verena; Guyader, Olivier.
Ten years after the start of the European Data Collection Framework the availability of cost indicators for assessing the economic status of fisheries or bio-economic modelling is still deficient. Moreover, economic time series are difficult to maintain due to fishermen weariness and sample coverage is often insufficient. To overcome these problems, the paper builds predictive models per operational cost category (fuel, landing, other variable, fixed, salary and total) for the French Bay of Biscay fleet. The cost models had good fit and stressed the key role of gear and vessel size (length mostly) for explaining fishing costs. They suggested that only a small list of variables was needed to predict costs (days-at-sea, total revenue, vessel age, length and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Socio-economic; Empirical cost model; Fisheries performance; Gear type; GAM; Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00149/26039/24410.pdf
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Caractérisation de la contamination de la faune halieutique par la chlordécone autour de la Guadeloupe. Résultats des campagnes de 2008 à 2011 (projet CarGual). ArchiMer
Bertrand, Jacques; Guyader, Olivier; Reynal, Lionel.
In the French West Indies islands, the transfer of chlordecone (kepone) from treated grounds towards the marine environment has been proved since the beginning of 2000s. In 2008, a maximal residue limit (MRL) was set at 20 µg / kg wet weight in fish and seafood, and therefore intensified the concern about the risks of high human exposure to the pesticide due to the consumption of contaminated marine products. To answer this concern, several sampling cruises were carried by public authorities and by Ifremer in order to analyze the contamination of the fish fauna around the Guadeloupe island. The data collected within these surveys improved our knowledge on the characteristics of the contamination of fish fauna and allowed to assess the distribution of this...
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Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00136/24762/22840.pdf
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Structure et évolution du marché et des prix d'occasion ArchiMer
Guyader, Olivier; Jezequel, Michele; Daures, Fabienne; Thebaud, Olivier.
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Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00243/35409/33934.pdf
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A fleet-metier based approach of the small scale fishing activity in the French West Indies ArchiMer
Guyader, Olivier; Reynal, Lionel; Demaneche, Sebastien; Berthou, Patrick; Daures, Fabienne.
The development of the ecosystemic approach for fisheries supposes to improve integrated analysis of fisheries by considering the biological as well as the socio-economic dimensions of the exploitation. A prerequisite for integrated analysis is the improvement in the knowledge of fleets structure, fleet evolution and allocation of fishing effort in the different fisheries. However, small scale fisheries are often characterized by a lack of knowledge on the vessel fishing activity. This paper first presents a data collection methodology recently applied in the French West (Guadeloupe and Martinique) for the follow up of the whole vessel population. Based on a statistical analysis of these data sets, the paper develops a fleet-metier matrix giving the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Flottille; Métiers; Activité; Petite pêche; Gestion des pêches; Fleet; Metiers; Fishing activity; Small scale fisheries; Fisheries management.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00243/35456/33985.pdf
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Connaissance des stocks pêchés par les flottilles des territoires français qui sont aussi régions ultra-périphériques de l’Union européenne (Guadeloupe, Guyane, La Réunion, Martinique, Mayotte, Saint Martin). Réponse à la saisine DPMA 18-13767 ArchiMer
Blanchard, Fabian; Guyader, Olivier; Roos, David; Reynal, Lionel; Weiss, Jerome.
Ce rapport est une réponse à la saisine DPMA 18-13767 (annexe 1). Il propose dans une première partie une synthèse des productions par espèce pour la Guadeloupe, la Martinique, la Guyane, La Réunion et Mayotte, ainsi que l’effort de pêche par flottille/métiers pour ces territoires ultra-marins (rapport OBSDEB 2018, annexe 2) et une synthèse de l’état des stocks qui font l’objet d’une évaluation. La seconde partie du rapport est consacrée à un diagnostic de l’état des connaissances et des priorités d’acquisition de connaissance en vue d’une approche écosystémique de la gestion des pêcheries concernées. NB. Cette deuxième partie sera livrée fin avril 2019.
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00506/61723/65694.pdf
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Evaluation of the bioeconomic sustainability of multi-species multi-fleet fisheries under a wide range of policy options using ISIS-Fish ArchiMer
Pelletier, Dominique; Mahevas, Stephanie; Drouineau, Hilaire; Vermard, Youen; Thebaud, Olivier; Guyader, Olivier; Poussind, Benjamin.
In order to provide reliable scientific advice and support for fisheries management, it is necessary to evaluate the biological and economic sustainability of complex fisheries, such as multi-species multi-fleet fisheries. Existing policy-screening modelling tools are not fully suitable in this purpose due to either an over-simplified description of population dynamics, or due to the lack of consideration of economic aspects. In this paper, we present a package that enables quantitative bioeconomic assessment of management scenarios. Population dynamics is described through spatially- and seasonally-explicit models. Exploitation dynamics is characterized by several fishing activities with specific spatial and seasonal features, and practiced by several...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Policy screening; Natural resource management; Fisheries dynamics; Bioeconomic model; Population dynamics; Complex systems; Simulation tool.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6782.pdf
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Ecoviability for ecosystem-based fisheries management ArchiMer
Doyen, Luc; Bene, Christophe; Bertignac, Michel; Blanchard, Fabian; Cisse, Abdoul; Dichmont, Catherine; Gourguet, Sophie; Guyader, Olivier; Hardy, Pierre-yves; Jennings, Sarah; Little, Lorne Richard; Macher, Claire; Mills, David Jonathan; Noussair, Ahmed; Pascoe, Sean; Pereau, Jean-christophe; Sanz, Nicolas; Schwarz, Anne-maree; Smith, Tony; Thebaud, Olivier.
Reconciling food security, economic development and biodiversity conservation is a key challenge, especially in the face of the demographic transition characterizing many countries in the world. Fisheries and marine ecosystems constitute a difficult application of this bio-economic challenge. Many experts and scientists advocate an ecosystem approach to manage marine socio-ecosystems for their sustainability and resilience. However, the ways by which to operationalize ecosystem-based fisheries management (EBFM) remain poorly specified. We propose a specific methodological framework-viability modelling-to do so. We show how viability modelling can be applied using four contrasted case-studies: two small-scale fisheries in South America and Pacific and two...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; Ecological economics; Ecosystem approach; Fisheries; Scenario; Viability.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00409/52009/52724.pdf
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Fishing strategies, economic performance and management of moored fishing aggregating devices in Guadeloupe ArchiMer
Guyader, Olivier; Bellanger, Manuel; Reynal, Lionel; Demaneche, Sebastien; Berthou, Patrick.
Moored FADs (MFADs) have been a key area for development in Guadeloupe (Lesser Antilles) since the late 1980's. The main objectives underpinning the development of MFADs were to (i) reduce fishing pressure on coastal fishing resources; (ii) boost fishermen's incomes; and (iii) increase local consumption of locally generated fishery products as a proportion of overall consumption. This paper gives an overview of the current structure of Guadeloupe's fishing fleet and fisheries, with a specific focus on MFAD fleets in a relatively unstructured environment with regard to regulation, and so how these fleets operate in a context of unrestricted development of private MFADs. In addressing the following key issues, this paper aims to: assess the economic...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Moored FADs; Small-scale fisheries; Monetary and non monetary incentives; Economic indicators; Fishermen behaviour; Regulation; Caribbean sea.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00137/24836/22914.pdf
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Capacity and scale inefficiency: Application of data envelopment analysis in the case of the french seaweed fleet ArchiMer
Guyader, Olivier; Daures, Fabienne.
Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) models are applied to the main French seaweed fleet to examine capacity output, capacity utilization, and scale inefficiency. Coastal seaweed vessels target only one output - kelp - with the same gear but with different input level combinations. The fishery is seasonal and subject mainly to input regulations, especially a one trip per day regulation implemented in 1987. The consequence was a decline in total observed output and a fall in capacity output and efficient output. Only the largest vessels and a few small vessels harvesting without this regulatory constraint operate at the optimal scale. The question of a change in regulation, especially a shift to an individual quota system, is raised.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Data Envelopment Analysis; Capacity; Capacity utilization; Scale in- efficiency; Production frontier; Seaweed; Fleet.
Ano: 2005 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00243/35439/33968.pdf
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Estimating MSY and MEY in multi-species and multi-fleet fisheries, consequences and limits: an application to the Bay of Biscay mixed fishery ArchiMer
Guillen, Jordi; Macher, Claire; Merzereaud, Mathieu; Bertignac, Michel; Fifas, Spyros; Guyader, Olivier.
Most worldwide fish stocks are overexploited, and so exploited beyond the Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY) and the Maximum Economic Yield (MEY). Not exploiting fisheries resources at MSY or MEY leads to the loss of production and rents from the fisheries. A large part of the EU fisheries are managed based on single species stock assessments; however, in reality, most species are caught together with other species and by different fleets. In multi-species and multi-fleet fisheries, single species assessments, and consequently MSY and MEY reference points, are often not valid, and so the catch recommendations. In this paper it is investigated the MSY and MEY estimation in multi-species and multi-fleet fisheries in comparison to single species assessments....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: MSY; MEY; Multi-species; Multi-fleet; Fisheries; Bio-economic model.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00129/24000/22053.pdf
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La pêche française à l'épreuve de la tempête Covid-19 ArchiMer
Guyader, Olivier; Merzereaud, Mathieu; Demaneche, Sebastien.
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2021 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00692/80448/83585.pdf
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A bioeconomic analysis of the impact of decommissioning programs: Application to a limited-entry french scallop fishery ArchiMer
Guyader, Olivier; Daures, Fabienne; Fifas, Spyros.
The objective of this paper is to assess the benefits and costs of decommissioning policies aimed at reducing fleet capacity through premiums offered by the public authority to fishermen to scrap their vessels. A case study, the limited entry scallop fishery of the Saint Brieuc Bay, France, is used to con- sider the problem of excess capacity and to model the bioeconomic consequences of disinvestment behavior. Special attention is paid to the assessment of fishermen's willingness to leave the fishery and to the implementation of public policy in terms of budget level and premiums offered to the fishermen. Spreadsheet simulations show that the impact of decommissioning programs is positive in terms of net surplus, even in the case of increasing technical...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Fishing capacity; Decommissioning programs; Premium; Willingness to leave; Bioeconomic model; Cost-benefit analysis.
Ano: 2004 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00243/35449/33977.pdf
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Effects of the Share Remuneration System on Fisheries Management Targets and Rent Distribution ArchiMer
Guillen, Jordi; Macher, Claire; Merzereaud, Mathieu; Boncoeur, Jean; Guyader, Olivier.
Most fisheries worldwide remunerate their crew with a share system, where crew receive a part of the revenues or a part of the revenues less costs, rather than a fixed wage. Although labor is one of the main costs in fisheries and the share remuneration system has a strong influence on firm behavior and its economic performance, little attention has been paid it. In a share remuneration system, crew salaries can significantly increase when the economic performance of a vessel improves. This allows the crew to capture part of the fisheries rent. Bioeconomic analyses are performed for the Bay of Biscay nephrops fishery on main management targets. Results confirm the importance of considering a share system compared to a fixed remuneration system in vessel...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Remuneration systems; Share remuneration; Lay system; MSY; MEY; Open access; Bioeconomic modeling; Nephrops.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00260/37086/35593.pdf
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Information on sellers and buyers characteristics: added value to explain price formation at primary fish markets in managed French scallop fisheries ArchiMer
Lesur-irichabeau, Gabrielle; Guyader, Olivier; Fresard, Marjolaine; Leroy, C.; Latouche, K.; Le Grel, L..
The aim of this article is to explore, through a hedonic approach, the factors that might explain the price variability for the French-managed fishery of scallop at primary fish markets. In addition to factors classically identified in the current literature like intrinsic product characteristics or markets situation, the characteristics of operators are tested. The relationships of loyalty between sellers and buyers, and market assiduity are notably considered.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Buyer and seller characteristics; Fisheries management; Hedonic price; Market behaviour; Market structure; Scallop; Q21; Q22; Q28; C10; L11.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00301/41252/40442.pdf
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