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Economie et droit des ressources naturelles renouvelables de la mer - aspects théoriques et application à la zone côtière de la manche occidentale française - tome 1 - etude economique ArchiMer
Bailly, Denis; Boncoeur, Jean; Guyader, Olivier; Le Floc'H, Pascal.
Le premier tome de ce rapport est consacré aux aspects économiques du problème de l'aménagement des usages des ressources et écosystèmes marins et littoraux. Il comporte deux parties : • La première offre une grille de lecture économique du problème étudié par le programme AMURE. • La seconde présente les résultats d'une enquête menée en mai-juin 1996 sur le littoral de la zone-atelier du programme.
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Ano: 1996 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00082/19300/16894.pdf
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Fisher Behaviour and Economic Interactions Between Fisheries: Examining Seaweed and Scallop Fisheries of the Brest District (Western Brittany, France) ArchiMer
Kervarec, Fabienne; Arzel, Pierre; Guyader, Olivier.
This papers aims at understanding the strategies of fishers operating two fisheries which are biologically independent but economically interrelated. The case studied is that of the fishers who dredge scallops, queens and clams in the bay of Brest during winter, and harvest the Laminaria digitata field in the open sea, north-west of Brest in summer. Taking this peculiarity into account, the paper makes a distinction between different strategies, which enable fishers to adapt to a changing environment (abundance variation but also economic and institutional shifts) during recent years. Fishers have to choose among different activities, which bring about various investments. Vice versa, their behaviour has feedback effects on the global institutional...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Fisher behaviour; Fisheries management; Seaweed harvesting; Scallop dredging..
Ano: 1999 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00243/35412/33939.pdf
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La Pêcherie de coquilles Saint-Jacques de la baie de Saint-Brieuc (France). Executive summary rapport OCDE sur l’évaluation des gains et des coûts de la transition vers une pêche responsable ArchiMer
Guyader, Olivier; Fifas, Spyros.
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Ano: 1999 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00243/35402/79196.pdf
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Distributional issues in the operation of rights-based fisheries management systems ArchiMer
Guyader, Olivier; Thebaud, Olivier.
Rights-based management regimes are considered by economists as an important solution to the problems of excess capacity and biological over-harvesting of fisheries. In practice, adoption of such regimes, and particularly of those relying on individual quota allocations, has often met with resistance from within the fisheries concerned. A key reason for this resistance appears to be the distributional conflicts which arise in the process of implementing the regimes. An economic analysis of the nature of these conflicts in the different contexts in which they have been observed is proposed. The approach centres on the way in which distributional conflicts can influence the operation of management systems and their impacts on fisheries, from the country to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Fisheries management; Rights-based management; Individual transferable quotas; Distributional issues; Economic simulation.
Ano: 2001 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00244/35524/34808.pdf
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Fish, fishers, seals and tourists: Economic consequences of creating a marine reserve in a multi-species, multi-activity context ArchiMer
Boncoeur, Jean; Alban, Frederique; Guyader, Olivier; Thebaud, Olivier.
This paper investigates some economic consequences of creating a marine reserve on both fishing and ecotourism, when the range of controllability of fishing effort is limited and the impact of the reserve on ecosystem is considered. The issue is illustrated by the example of creating a no-take zone in part of a region where fishing is managed through a limited entry license system, and which is inhabited by two interacting stocks: a stock of prey (fish) and a stock of predators (seals). While the former is targeted by commercial fishing, the latter is not subject to harvest but is a potential basis for a commercial non-extractive activity (seal watching). Analysis is conducted with the help of a bioeconomic model combining the features of marine reserve...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Marine protected areas; Multispecies interactions; Ecotourism; Bioeconomic modeling.
Ano: 2002 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00244/35506/34010.pdf
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French marine - related economic data, 2001 ArchiMer
Daures, Fabienne; Girard, Sophie; Guyader, Olivier; Kalaydjian, Regis; Kerautret, Sylvie; Le Roux, Johann; Perez, Jose; Thebaud, Olivier.
This document presents a survey of the marine-related activities in France, i.e. those of the commercial sector (exploitation of mineral and living resources, manufacturing industries, services) and those of the public sector (Navy, State services, education, safety, marine research). A chapter is devoted to the protection of the coastal and marine environment, and the chapter on tourism gives quantitative data on the impacts of the pollution caused by the Erika oil-tanker. Each activity of the commercial sector is described by key-figures (turnover, value added, employment). The description of the non-commercial public sector includes data on costs, including personnel costs. In addition to these figures, qualitative information is given on the recent...
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Ano: 2002 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00117/22852/20661.pdf
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Synthèse des pêcheries 2000 - Flotte Mer du Nord, Manche, Atlantique ArchiMer
Berthou, Patrick; Daures, Fabienne; Guyader, Olivier; Merrien, Claude; Jezequel, Michele.
This summary of the French fisheries of the North Sea/English Channel/Atlantic for the year 2000 is done in the context of the programme "Halieutic Information Systems" that has as its goal the creation of a permanent and operational observatory of fishing. It brings together several types of data: statistical data of administrative origin, data from the IFREMER pollsters network, economic data and data acquired during sea campaigns. This first annual summary of French fisheries, meant for all actors in the fishing industry (from research to professionals and managers) and the general public, is limited to the Atlantic coast. The first part of this document contains an overall description of the English Channel Atlantic fleet, that is, all trades included....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Fishing gear; French fisheries; Fishing fleet; Species; Metier; Atlantic Ocean; Channel; North Sea; Pêcheries françaises; Flottille de pêche; Engins de pêche; Espèces; Métier; Atlantique; Manche; Mer du Nord.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2002/rapport-2629.pdf
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Simulating the effect of regulatory systems in a fishery - An application to the French driftnet albacore fleet ArchiMer
Guyader, Olivier.
With a thin economic component, most bio-economic models of fisheries fail to assess the effects of the regulation systems on firms. In order to analyse the short term consequences of different management schemes, a simulation model is applied to the French driftnet albacore fleet: licence allocation with driftnet regulation, individual quotas, and individual transferable quotas without any input control. Vessel technology is estimated by using the data collected, and groups of vessels are distinguished according to criteria of performance. We present the adjustment within firms and between groups under different scenarios (limited entry with and without driftnet regulation, individual quotas and individual transferable quotas allocation), and we compare...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Albacore tuna; Dolphin; Driftnet; Fisheries; ITQ; Licence; Quasi-rent; Quota price; Quotas; Regulation; Simulation.
Ano: 2002 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00244/35523/34036.pdf
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Données économiques maritimes française. 2001 ArchiMer
Daures, Fabienne; Girard, Sophie; Guyader, Olivier; Kalaydjian, Regis; Kerautret, Sylvie; Le Roux, Johann; Perez, Jose; Thebaud, Olivier.
This document presents a survey of the marine-related activities in France, i.e. those of the commercial sector (exploitation of minerai and living resources, manufacturing industries, services) and those of the public sector (Navy, State services, education, safety, marine research). A chapter is devoted to the protection of the coastal and marine environment, and the chapter on tourism gives quantitative data on the impacts of the pollution caused by the Erika oil-tanker. Each activity of the commercial sector is described by key-figures (turnover, value added, employmentl. The description of the non-commercial public sector includes data on costs, including personnel costs. In addition to these figures, qualitative information is given on the recent...
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Ano: 2002 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00117/22850/20660.pdf
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La pêche de loisir dans le golfe du Morbihan ArchiMer
Boude, Jp; Lesueur, M; Daures, Fabienne; Guyader, Olivier; Drouot, Bruno.
Leisure fishing, open to everyone and without a license, is a leisure activity in which many people are interested. Conversely to other harvesting activities such as fresh water fishing and hunting, it has practically not been studied until now (Appéré et Bonnieux, 2002). This study, dedicated to practice of leisure fishing at sea in the Gulf of Morbihan, set itself several objectives: - collect and assemble the available knowledge on regulations and practice of maritime leisure fishing - assess the amount of harvesting of certain recreational types of fishing and the economic impact generated by this activity, - highlight the problems of existing or potential cohabitations among the various users of the space and resources in the Gulf. - develop an...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Economic evaluation; Shellfish; Clams; Morbihan bay; Brittany; Leisure fishing; Cout de transport; Palourdes; Interactions; Conflits d'usage; Evaluation economique; Impact sur la ressource; Reglementation; Peche en bateau; Peche de plaisance; Peche à pied; Peche de loisir; Activités de peche; Golfe du morbihan.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2003/rapport-2244.pdf
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Conséquences économiques de l'évolution de l'environnement dans l'estuaire de la Seine sur la pêche professionnelle - Rapport final du projet-Programme Seine Aval II ArchiMer
Thebaud, Olivier; Boncoeur, Jean; Curtil, Olivier; Guyader, Olivier; Jezequel, Michele; Martin, A.; Soulie, Jean-christophe; Tetard, Alain.
Le projet de recherche s'intègre dans deux actions du programme Seine-Aval II : Action R.IV-F° (2001-2002) - Coût de la disparition de l'activité halieutique, et Action R.IV-G (2002-2003) - Elaboration de scénarios d'évolution. L'objectif de la recherche était de développer les connaissances et outils permettant d'évaluer les conséquences, pour les entreprises de pêche exploitant la baie de Seine, de changements (transitoires ou durables) affectant l'écosystème estuarien.
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Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00080/19078/16673.pdf
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Synthèse des Pêcheries 2002 - Flotte mer du Nord-Manche-Atlantique ArchiMer
Berthou, Patrick; Daures, Fabienne; Merrien, Claude; Leblond, Emilie; Guyader, Olivier; Jezequel, Michele; Bermell, Sylvain.
The document synthesizes the data collected in 2002 and 2003 as part of the Fisheries monitoring system of Ifremer. It updates the description of the status in 2000 of the French fishing fleets operating in the North Sea, Channel and Atlantic (produced in 2002). The document is made of a series of leaflets. The first leaflet provides a global description of the overall population of fishing vessels. Information provided includes vessel and crew characteristics, spatial distribution of fishing activity and catch, and gears used. A description of fleets (sub-groups of vessels using the same gear combinations) is also provided at both national and regional levels. The following leaflets provide a detailed description of the fishing activity and economic...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: France; Atlantique; Manche; Mer du Nord; Indicateurs économiques; Indicateurs d'activité; Engin; Métier; Flottille; Typologies; Pêche; France; Atlantic; Channel; North Sea; Economic indicators; Indicators of fishing activity; Gear; Metier; Fishing fleet; Typologies; Fishing sector.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2003/rapport-1226.pdf
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A bioeconomic analysis of the impact of decommissioning programs: Application to a limited-entry french scallop fishery ArchiMer
Guyader, Olivier; Daures, Fabienne; Fifas, Spyros.
The objective of this paper is to assess the benefits and costs of decommissioning policies aimed at reducing fleet capacity through premiums offered by the public authority to fishermen to scrap their vessels. A case study, the limited entry scallop fishery of the Saint Brieuc Bay, France, is used to con- sider the problem of excess capacity and to model the bioeconomic consequences of disinvestment behavior. Special attention is paid to the assessment of fishermen's willingness to leave the fishery and to the implementation of public policy in terms of budget level and premiums offered to the fishermen. Spreadsheet simulations show that the impact of decommissioning programs is positive in terms of net surplus, even in the case of increasing technical...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Fishing capacity; Decommissioning programs; Premium; Willingness to leave; Bioeconomic model; Cost-benefit analysis.
Ano: 2004 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00243/35449/33977.pdf
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Decommissioning schemes and capacity adjustment: A preliminary analysis of the French experience ArchiMer
Guyader, Olivier; Berthou, Patrick; Daures, Fabienne.
The French decommissioning aims at permanently removing vessels from the fishing fleet according to European Union rules laid down within the Common Fisheries Policy. A system of premiums established by the French government is supposed to give the vessel-owners, the incentives to get rid of their fishing unit. This paper details the rules for the applicants and their evolution and it provides a preliminary analysis of the impact of these schemes over the 1991-2001 period. Special attention is paid to the characteristics of decommissioned vessels and of their owners. The problem of windfall gains of these policies is approached, and a first assessment is given. The consequences in terms of capacity adjustment are discussed according to the Multi Annual...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Decommissioning schemes; Buyback; Capacity; Fisheries; Premium; MAGPs; Limited entry.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00243/35407/33928.pdf
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Scénarios d'aménagement des activités de pêche dans la bande cotière bretonne, rapport 2002 ArchiMer
Talidec, Catherine; Berthou, Patrick; Peronnet, Isabelle; Guyader, Olivier; Daures, Fabienne; Thebaud, Olivier; Leblond, Emilie; Bermell, Sylvain.
This 2002 report is the progress report of a study co-financed by the Brittany region and IFREMER within the framework of the XII State-Regional Planning Contract. It follows the 2001 report, which contains a comprehensive description of the Breton fleet in 2000, i.e., all occupations included, as well as its evolution since 1983. The work carried out in 2002 focused on mapping the fishing zones frequented by Brittany's ships as well as on analysing fishing strategies.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Fishing gear; Regional development; Cartography; Fleet; Breton fisheries; Brittany; Cartographie; CPER 2002; Peche bretonne; Flotte; Casier; Ligne; Drague; Palangre; Filet; Chalut.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2004/rapport-2259.pdf
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Données économiques maritimes francaises 2003 ArchiMer
Kalaydjian, Regis; Bihet, Guillaume; Daures, Fabienne; Girard, Sophie; Guyader, Olivier; Perez Agundez, José A.; Thebaud, Olivier; Dehez, Jeoffrey.
The document, fifth edition of a collection which has started in 1997, presents a survey of marine-related activities in France. The commercial sector includes exploitation and extraction of marine resources, manufacturing industry, private services. In this new edition, a special effort is devoted to the analysis of maritime ports related industries. The non-commercial sector includes public services, among which the Navy, state services, education, safety, marine and coastal environment protection, marine sciences. Each activity of the commercial sector is described by key figures (turnover, value added, employment). The non-commercial sector includes data on running costs, in particular personnel costs. In addition to indicators, qualitative information...
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Ano: 2004 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00083/19400/16993.pdf
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French marine - related economic data, 2003 ArchiMer
Kalaydjian, Regis; Bihet, Guillaume; Daures, Fabienne; Girard, Sophie; Guyader, Olivier; Perez Agundez, José A.; Thebaud, Olivier.
The document, fifth edition of a collection which has started in 1997, presents a survey of marine-related activities in France. The commercial sector includes exploitation and extraction of marine resources , manufacturing industry, private services. In this new edition, a special effort is devoted to the analysis of maritime ports related industries. The non-commercial sector includes public services, among which the Navy, state services, education, safety, marine and coastal environment protection, marine sciences. Each activity of the commercial sector is described by key figures (turnover, value added, employment). The non-commercial sector includes data on running costs, in particular personnel costs. In addition to indicators, qualitative...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2004 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00117/22855/20667.pdf
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Capacity and scale inefficiency: Application of data envelopment analysis in the case of the french seaweed fleet ArchiMer
Guyader, Olivier; Daures, Fabienne.
Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) models are applied to the main French seaweed fleet to examine capacity output, capacity utilization, and scale inefficiency. Coastal seaweed vessels target only one output - kelp - with the same gear but with different input level combinations. The fishery is seasonal and subject mainly to input regulations, especially a one trip per day regulation implemented in 1987. The consequence was a decline in total observed output and a fall in capacity output and efficient output. Only the largest vessels and a few small vessels harvesting without this regulatory constraint operate at the optimal scale. The question of a change in regulation, especially a shift to an individual quota system, is raised.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Data Envelopment Analysis; Capacity; Capacity utilization; Scale in- efficiency; Production frontier; Seaweed; Fleet.
Ano: 2005 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00243/35439/33968.pdf
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Mesure des résultats économiques de la pêche profesionnelle bretonne : Comparaison des méthodes à base de données comptables et d'enquêtes de terrain ArchiMer
Boncoeur, Jean; Daures, Fabienne; Guyader, Olivier; Martin, Annaïck; Le Floc H, Pascal; Thebaud, Olivier.
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Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00243/35391/33911.pdf
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Scénarios d'aménagement des activités de pêche dans la bande cotière bretonne : rapport 2004 ArchiMer
Talidec, Catherine; Daures, Fabienne; Leblond, Emilie; Berthou, Patrick; Guyader, Olivier; Thebaud, Olivier; Peronnet, Isabelle; Boncoeur, J.; Curtil, O.; Martin, A.; Le Floc'H, P.; Travers, M.; Le Lec, G..
This document is the progress report, for the year 2004, of the research programme "Scenarios for Development of Fishing Activity in the Breton Coastal Strip". This programme, co-financed by the Brittany Region within the framework of the XII State/Regional Planning Contract, teams up scientific partners from IFREMER, ENSAR, and UBO (CEDEM). This report consists of four parts: 1. Introduction of the Breton fishing fleet, its characteristics, its activity and its recent history 2. Spatial management of fishing economic activity in the Breton coastal strip 3. Measuring of economic results of Breton professional fishing: Comparison of methods based on accounting data and local surveys 4. Assessment of the economic weight of professional fishing: analysis of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Allotments; Trawl survey; Database; Spatial assessment; Coastal fishing; Brittany; Cantonnement; Chalutage; Enquêtes; Bases de données; Gestion spatiale; Pêche cotière; Bretagne.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/rapport-2263.pdf
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