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Registros recuperados: 35
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Dynamic Pathways into and out of Poverty: A Case of Small Holder Farmers in Zambia AgEcon
Banda, Diana J.; Hamukwala, Priscilla; Haggblade, Steven; Chapoto, Antony.
The study surveyed 127 households from Central, Eastern, Luapula, Northern, and Southern Provinces of Zambia. The primary objective was to explore life-trajectory patterns and key drivers of welfare change. Households were classified based on long term poverty dynamics i.e., how they perceived their welfare compared to that of their parents with the major focus being on households that were better off (BO) than both the parents (parents of head and spouse) and those that were worse off (WO) than both parents were. Poverty was mainly defined from the communities' own perspectives and entailed exploring reasons perceived by participants for decline or improvement in people’s well-being in their communities. The hypotheses that factors such as household...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Zambia; Poverty; Small Holder Farmers; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113649
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Cassava as drought insurance: Food security implications of cassava trials in Central Zambia AgEcon
Barratt, N.; Chitundu, D.; Dover, O.; Elsinga, J.; Eriksson, S.; Guma, L.; Haggblade, M.; Haggblade, Steven; Henn, T.O.; Locke, F.R.; O'Donnell, C.; Smith, C.; Stevens, T..
Wide, weather-induced fluctuations in maize production lead to recurrent food shortages in Zambia's maize consuming regions, while the cassava-growing regions of the north enjoy stable food production, even in drought years. Noting this striking correlation between drought vulnerability and the prevalence of maize as a staple food, a growing array of agencies in Zambia has begun introducing highly productive new cassava varieties, developed in the north, to more central and southerly regions in an effort to provide low-cost food security during drought years. Yet agroecological conditions in these drought-prone regions differ significantly from the northern research stations where Zambian scientists developed the new cassava varieties. So it is not...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31729
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Subsector Analysis: Its Nature, Conduct and Potential Distribution to Small Enterprise Development AgEcon
Boomgard, James J.; Davies, Stephen P.; Haggblade, Steven; Mead, Donald C..
This paper is concerned with the conduct of meaningful policy and project relevant research on small enterprise development. It responds to a growing demand for operationally useful small enterprise research, a demand which has surged over the past ten years in the wake of increasing concern with equity issues coupled with recent evidence on small enterprise efficiency.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Small enterprise; Community/Rural/Urban Development; International Development; Downloads December 2008-July 2009: 18; Q18.
Ano: 1986 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54745
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Factors Affecting Poverty Dynamics in Rural Zambia. AgEcon
Chapoto, Antony; Banda, Diana J.; Haggblade, Steven; Hamukwala, Priscilla.
Rural poverty rates in Zambia have remained very high, at 80%, over the past decade and a half, whilst urban poverty rates have declined, from 49% in 1991 to 34% in 2006. Redressing this high rural poverty rate remains a government priority in the National Development Programs. However, solutions have proven elusive. Solid empirically based information on dynamics that have improved the welfare of small-scale farm households in Zambia, combined with an agenda for disseminating this information in public discourse, offer prospects for generating a more transparent and pro-poor policy orientation. Using longitudinal data collected from 4,286 households which participated in three nationwide surveys conducted over seven years, in 2001, 2004, and 2008, we...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Poverty Dynamics; Zambia; Rural poverty; Africa; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109888
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Staple food prices in Zambia AgEcon
Chapoto, Antony; Govereh, Jones; Haggblade, Steven; Jayne, Thomas S..
Prepared for the COMESA policy seminar on “Variation in staple food prices: Causes, consequence, and policy options”, Maputo, Mozambique, 25-26 January 2010 under the Comesa-MSU-IFPRI African Agricultural Marketing Project (AAMP)
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Zambia; Food security; Food prices; Agricultural and Food Policy; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Q11; Q13; Q18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58556
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Marketing Policy Options for Consumer Price Mitigation Actions in the 2008/09 Maize Marketing Season in Zambia. AgEcon
Chapoto, Antony; Haggblade, Steven; Shawa, Julius J.; Jayne, Thomas S.; Weber, Michael T..
1) Maize prices are rising rapidly in 2008 and are fast approaching import parity levels. 2) Maize traders, millers and farmers all agree that Zambia will likely require imports by early 2009 in order to avoid domestic maize supply shortages. 3) Official food balance sheets appear to have underestimated the demand for maize this year. They may also have slightly overestimated the size of the 2007/08 maize crop. Hence the slow government recognition of the need for maize imports. 4) As of late September 2008, neither the Government of Zambia (GRZ) nor the private sector have arranged to import maize from South Africa. Trade sources suggest informal imports from Tanzania are helping to relieve the likely shortfall. 5) Zambian policy makers face a delicate...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Zambia; Maize; Marketing; Crop Production/Industries; Q20.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54638
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A Value Chain Task Force Approach for Managing Private-Public Partnerships: Zamiba’s Task Force on Acceleration of Cassava Utilization. AgEcon
Chitundu, Maureen; Droppelmann, Klaus; Haggblade, Steven.
Smallholder farmers operate in vertical supply chains. Therefore, an understanding of key opportunities and constraints up through the value chain becomes necessary for sustaining smallholder growth. Yet market analysis is of little value unless key private and public sector stakeholders agree to implement necessary reforms. This paper advocates an approach which marries together value chain analysis with a stakeholder taskforce to ensure that analysis of opportunities and constraints gets translated into actions that will facilitate commercial growth. Using Zambia’s cassava task force as an example, the paper describes the value chain task force method and identifies elements critical to its effective implementation.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Cassava; Value chain; Task force; Zambia; Africa; Crop Production/Industries; Q18.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54480
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Agricultural Growth Linkages in Ethiopia: Estimates using Fixed and Flexible Price Models AgEcon
Diao, Xinshen; Fekadu, Belay; Haggblade, Steven; Taffesse, Alemayehu Seyoum; Wamisho, Kassu; Yu, Bingxin.
Accelerating growth and poverty reduction, and the ultimate achievement of structural transformation, are the critical policy challenges in present day Ethiopia. This paper examines relevant growth options in terms of their impact on overall growth and poverty reduction in the country. It deploys a fixed-price semi-input-output model and a flexible-price economy-wide multi-market model for that purpose. The paper finds that agricultural growth can induce higher overall growth and faster poverty reduction than non-agricultural growth, although the latter can also have large growth effects in some cases. Among sub-sectors within agriculture, staple crops have stronger growth linkages. Decomposition of these effects also reveals that consumption linkages are...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Development.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42419
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Cassava Commercialization in Mozambique AgEcon
Donovan, Cynthia; Haggblade, Steven; Salegua, Venancio Alexandre; Cuambe, Constantino; Mudema, Joao; Tomo, Alda.
Cassava supplies roughly 30% of all calories consumed in Mozambique, making it the country’s most important food security crop. Over the past several decades, growing urbanization and shifting demand patterns have led to growing opportunities for cassava processing and commercialization. This paper examines the commercial dynamics in Mozambique’s cassava value chain as well as the food security implications of growing cassava commercialization.
Tipo: Technical Report Palavras-chave: Mozambique; Cassava; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/120744
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Alternative Approaches for Moderating Food Insecurity and Price Volatility in Zambia. AgEcon
Dorosh, Paul A.; Dradri, Simon; Haggblade, Steven.
• Maize production varies widely from year to year, given Zambia’s heavy dependence on rainfed cultivation. Thus consumers face wide swings in availability of their primary food staple. • Typical public responses include increased food aid inflows, government commercial imports and stock releases, and tight controls on private sector trade. While intended to improve domestic supply, these public responses can inadvertently exacerbate price instability and food insecurity for Zambian consumers. • Two key private sector responses – private cross-border maize trade and consumer substitution of alternate food staples (such as cassava) for maize - can also help to moderate food consumption volatility. • Together, private imports and increased cassava...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Zambia; Food Security and Poverty; Q20.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54630
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Alternative Instruments for Ensuring Food Security and Price Stability in Zambia AgEcon
Dorosh, Paul A.; Dradri, Simon; Haggblade, Steven.
Given heavy dependence on rainfed maize production, Zambia must routinely cope with pronounced production and consumption volatility in their primary food staple. Typical policy responses include increased food aid flows, government commercial imports and stock releases, and tight controls on private sector trade. This paper examines recent experience in Zambia, using a simple economic model to assess the likely impact of maize production shocks on the domestic maize price and on staple food consumption under alternative policy regimes. In addition to an array of public policy instruments, the analysis evaluates the quantitative impact of two key private sector responses in moderating food consumption volatility— private cross-border maize trade and...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Policy; Zambia; Africa; Price; Crop Production/Industries; Food Security and Poverty; Q18.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54488
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Potential Impact of the Kwacha Appreciation and Proposed Tax Provisions of the 2006 Budget Act on Zambian Agriculture AgEcon
Fynn, John; Haggblade, Steven.
The study aims to quantify the impact of the Kwacha appreciation and to project the broad impact on the agricultural export, domestic production and processing sectors. It explores the scope for mitigating actions – by farmers, commercial enterprises and government authorities – that might provide a means of survival of export operations and the retention of income-earning opportunities by rural communities in the commercial and small scale agricultural sectors. The study aims to assess the impact of the Kwacha appreciation on the viability of agricultural enterprises and income earning opportunities in the context of the new tax regulations proposed in the 2006 budget. It is anticipated that the findings of this study should establish a foundation...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Zambia Kwacha appreciation; Agricultural export; Domestic production; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; Q18.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54475
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Potential Impact of the Kwacha Appreciation on Zambia Agriculture AgEcon
Fynn, John; Haggblade, Steven.
The rapid recent appreciation of the Kwacha has placed these gains at risk. The sudden strengthening of the Kwacha since November 2005 has reduced the Kwacha value of agricultural exports by 30%, forcing reductions in farmgate prices and eroding exporter profit margins. As in a classic case of Dutch Disease, large inflows of foreign exchange–whether from surging international copper prices, foreign aid or speculative financial inflows–have contributed to the strengthening Kwacha. The subsequent rapid appreciation of the Kwacha risks making much of Zambia’s export agriculture uncompetitive on world markets.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Zambia; Appreciation impact; Farm Management; Q18.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54617
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SUCCESSES IN AFRICAN AGRICULTURE: RESULTS OF AN EXPERT SURVEY AgEcon
Gabre-Madhin, Eleni Z.; Haggblade, Steven.
Using primary data from a survey of expert opinion, this paper identifies key successes emerging in African agriculture. Among these, major commodity-specific successes identified include breakthroughs in maize breeding across Africa, sustained gains in cassava breeding and successful combat of its disease and pests, control of the rinderpest livestock disease, booming horticultural and flower exports in East and Southern Africa and increased cotton production and exports in West Africa. Using a dynamic analytical framework, the paper attempts to identify key ingredients that appear necessary for building on these individual cases and expanding them into broad-based agricultural growth.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Development.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16216
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Maize Market Sheds in Eastern and Southern Africa. Report 1 AgEcon
Govereh, Jones; Haggblade, Steven; Nielson, Hunter; Tschirley, David L..
A report prepared by Michigan State University for the World Bank under contract No. 7144132, Strengthening Food Security in Sub-Saharan Africa through Trade Liberalization and Regional Integration
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Africa; Markets; Maize; International Relations/Trade; Q13.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55374
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Returns to Investment in Agriculture AgEcon
Haggblade, Steven.
Investment in agriculture is necessary for ensuring rapid economic growth and poverty reduction in Zambia, as elsewhere in Africa. Yet many of the key investments required to accelerate agricultural growth – technological research, rural infrastructure and market standards, organization and enforcement -- are public goods. Because the private sector cannot capture gains from these investments, they will not invest in amounts sufficient to ensure broad-based agricultural growth. Therefore, the public sector needs to provide the necessary research, transport and market infrastructure necessary to stimulate agricultural growth. Zambia currently allocates 6% of government outlays for agriculture. This is less that the 10% commitment Zambia has made under the...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Zambia; Agriculture growth; Public investment; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q19.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54625
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Unscrambling Africa: Regional Requirements for Achieving Food Security AgEcon
Haggblade, Steven.
Africa has inherited highly arbitrary political borders that vastly complicate current efforts to accelerate agricultural growth and reduce hunger. Because Africa’s inherited political borders arbitrarily partition agro-ecological zones and natural market sheds, current country borders serve as barriers, hampering agricultural technology transfer, hindering agricultural trade and dampening incentives for farmers and agribusinesses to invest in Africa’s many regional breadbasket zones. Feasible solutions revolve around neutralizing these deleterious effects through regional scientific networks and regional corridor development programs.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Africa; Food Security; Markets; Technology transfer; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Marketing; R12; Q18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97030
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Bringing the Poor into a Growth Agenda: What Role for Africa’s Rural Nonfarm Economy? AgEcon
Haggblade, Steven.
Distributed as: Appendix 1. Background Paper for Agriculture and Lands. African Ministers Meeting, April 2009. Prepared under the Food Security III Cooperative Agreement (GDG-A- 00-02-00021-00) between the Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics, Michigan State University, and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Growth; Poor; Food security; Food Security and Poverty; Q12.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57446
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Unscrambling Africa: Regional Requirements for Achieving Food Security AgEcon
Haggblade, Steven.
Africa has inherited highly arbitrary political borders that vastly complicate current efforts to accelerate agricultural growth and reduce hunger. Because Africa’s inherited political borders arbitrarily partition agro-ecological zones and natural market sheds, current country borders serve as barriers, hampering agricultural technology transfer, hindering agricultural trade and dampening incentives for farmers and agribusinesses to invest in Africa’s many regional breadbasket zones. Feasible solutions revolve around neutralizing these deleterious effects through regional scientific networks and corridor development programs.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Africa; Food Security; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/107458
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Maize Price Projections for Zambia's 2006/07 Marketing Season AgEcon
Haggblade, Steven.
The coming 2005/06 maize harvest promises to be a good one, certainly better than last season. Market prices have begun falling, and the question now is how far they are likely to fall. Government currently has a maize export ban in place. This short note aims to assess the likely price levels this coming season, with and without an export ban.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Zambia; Maize; Crop Production/Industries; Q18.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54619
Registros recuperados: 35
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