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The Linkage Between Income Distribution and Clean Energy Investments: Addressing Financing Cost 31
Ameli, Nadia; Kammen, Daniel M..
With a focus on alternative methods for accelerating clean energy policy adoption, this study introduces an innovative financing scheme for renewable and energy efficiency deployment. Financing barriers represent a notable obstacle for energy improvements and this is particularly the case for low-income households. Limited access to credit, due to socio-economic status and the lack of guarantees, are key issues related to financing barriers. Implementing a policy such as PACE – Property Assessed Clean Energy – allows for the provision of up-front funds for residential property owners to install electric and thermal solar systems and make energy-efficiency improvements to their buildings. This paper will inform the design of better policies tailored to the...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Financing Barriers; Energy Efficiency; Solar PV; Energy Investments; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q42; Q55.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121912
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Informing the Financing of Universal Energy Access: An Assessment of Current Flows 31
Bazilian, Morgan; Nussbaumer, Patrick; Gualberti, Giorgio; Haites, Erik; Levi, Michael; Siegel, Judy; Kammen, Daniel M.; Fenhann, Joergen.
Energy poverty is widely recognized as a major obstacle to economic and social development and poverty alleviation. To help inform the design of appropriate and effective policies to reduce energy poverty, we present a brief analysis of the current macro financial flows in the electricity and gas distribution sectors in developing countries. We build on the methodology used to quantify the flows of investment in the climate change area. This methodology relies on national gross fixed capital formation, overseas development assistance, and foreign direct investment. These high-level and aggregated investment figures provide a sense of scale to policy-makers, but are only a small part of the information required to design financial vehicles. In addition,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Energy Access; Energy Finance; Financial flows; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q4.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/115729
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Energy Access Scenarios to 2030 for the Power Sector in Sub-Saharan Africa 31
Bazilian, Morgan; Nussbaumer, Patrick; Rogner, Hans-Holger; Brew-Hammond, Abeeku; Foster, Vivien; Kammen, Daniel M.; Pachauri, Shonali; Eric, Williams; Howells, Mark; Niyongabo, Philippe; Musaba, Lawrence; O Gallachoir, Brian; Radka, Mark.
In order to reach a goal of universal access to modern energy services in Africa by 2030, consideration of various electricity sector pathways is required to help inform policy-makers and investors, and help guide power system design. To that end, and building on existing tools and analysis, we present several ‘high-level’, transparent, and economy-wide scenarios for the sub-Saharan African power sector to 2030. We construct these simple scenarios against the backdrop of historical trends and various interpretations of universal access. They are designed to provide the international community with an indication of the overall scale of the effort required. We find that most existing projections, using typical long-term forecasting methods for power...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Energy Access; Power System Planning; Sub-Saharan Africa; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; C1; Q41; Q47.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116904
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The Health Impacts of Exposure to Indoor Air Pollution from Solid Fuels in Developing Countries: Knowledge, Gaps, and Data Needs 31
Ezzati, Majid; Kammen, Daniel M..
Globally, almost three billion people rely on biomass (wood, charcoal, crop residues, and dung) and coal as their primary source of domestic energy. Exposure to indoor air pollution from the combustion of solid fuels has been implicated, with varying degrees of evidence, as a causal agent of disease and mortality in developing countries. We review the current knowledge on the relationship between indoor air pollution and disease, and on the assessment of interventions for reducing exposure and disease. Our review takes an environmental health perspective and considers the details of both exposure and health effects that are needed for successful intervention strategies. We also identify knowledge gaps and detailed research questions that are essential for...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Household energy; Developing countries; Exposure assessment; Exposure-response relationship; Indoor air pollution; Intervention; Public health; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10864
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