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Resilience of benthic deep-sea fauna to mining activities ArchiMer
Gollner, Sabine; Kaiser, Stefanie; Menzel, Lena; Jones, Daniel O. B.; Brown, Alastair; Mestre, Nelia C.; Van Oevelen, Dick; Menot, Lenaick; Colaco, Ana; Canals, Miguel; Cuvelier, Daphne; Durden, Jennifer M.; Gebruk, Andrey; Egho, Great A.; Haeckel, Matthias; Marcon, Yann; Mevenkamp, Lisa; Morato, Telmo; Pham, Christopher K.; Purser, Autun; Sanchez-vidal, Anna; Vanreusel, Ann; Vink, Annemiek; Arbizu, Pedro Martinez.
With increasing demand for mineral resources, extraction of polymetallic sulphides at hydrothermal vents, cobalt-rich ferromanganese crusts at seamounts, and polymetallic nodules on abyssal plains may be imminent. Here, we shortly introduce ecosystem characteristics of mining areas, report on recent mining developments, and identify potential stress and disturbances created by mining. We analyze species’ potential resistance to future mining and perform meta-analyses on population density and diversity recovery after disturbances most similar to mining: volcanic eruptions at vents, fisheries on seamounts, and experiments that mimic nodule mining on abyssal plains. We report wide variation in recovery rates among taxa, size, and mobility of fauna. While...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Deep ocean; Disturbance; Minerals; Mining; Abyssal plains; Hydrothermal vents; Seamounts; Resilience; Recovery; Benthos.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00382/49291/49690.pdf
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Potential Mitigation and Restoration Actions in Ecosystems Impacted by Seabed Mining ArchiMer
Cuvelier, Daphne; Gollner, Sabine; Jones, Daniel Ob; Kaiser, Stefanie; Arbizu, Pedro Martinez; Menzel, Lena; Mestre, Nelia C.; Morato, Telmo; Pham, Christopher; Pradillon, Florence; Purser, Autun; Raschka, Uwe; Sarrazin, Jozee; Simon-lledo, Erik; Stewart, Ian M.; Stuckas, Heiko; Sweetman, Andrew K.; Colaco, Ana.
Mining impacts will affect local populations to different degrees. Impacts range from removal of habitats and possible energy sources to pollution and smaller-scale alterations in local habitats that, depending on the degree of disturbance, can lead to extinction of local communities. While there is a shortage or even lack of studies investigating impacts that resemble those caused by actual mining activity, the information available on the potential long-lasting impacts of seabed mining emphasise the need for effective environmental management plans. These plans should include efforts to mitigate deep-sea mining impact such as avoidance, minimisation and potentially restoration actions, to maintain or encourage reinstatement of a resilient ecosystem. A...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Deep sea; Mining; Restoration; Mitigation; Impacts; Assisted recovery; (re-)colonisation.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00470/58209/60711.pdf
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