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Registros recuperados: 93
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Decomposition of Variability in Farm Household Assets and Debt AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; El-Osta, Hisham S..
Farm families often hold large quantities of wealth and, like any other family, assess their financial progress by reviewing their net worth (or wealth) position periodically. Wealth has an impact on many decisions such as production, retirement, and succession of the farm. Households, in general, seek stability growth in wealth and, ideally, income as well. In the case of wealth, farm households will be better equipped to handle variability once the contributing sources are identified. This study measures how much of the variability in farm household assets and debt is attributed to the variability in farm and nonfarm sources of assets and farm and nonfarm sources of debt. Using a normalized variance decomposition approach and data from the Agricultural...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Assets; Debt; Farm households; Variability; Variance decomposition; Farm Management; Financial Economics.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59682
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Determinants of farm exit: A comparison between Europe and United States AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide.
Paper removed temporarily by author 8/19/11.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm exit; Logit model; US; EU; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61075
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Determinants of Farm Household Income Diversification in the United States: Evidence from Farm-Level Data AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; Erickson, Kenneth W.; Harris, James Michael; Hallahan, Charles B.; Uematsu, Hiroki.
This study examines the determinants of income diversification of farm households in the United States. Farm households allocate their time between farm and off-farm activities to help stabilized household income (consumption). What characterizes those households who engage in off-farm activities? Is there any pattern over time? Using 1999, 2003 and 2007 farm-level data from the USDA’s Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS), this study estimates intensity of off-farm income (or income diversification). The results show that older operators, full owners, and small farms have higher intensity of off-farm income in total household income. In contrast, dairy farms, vertically coordinated farms and farms located in the Southern and Pacific regions have...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Tobit; Income diversification; Vertical integration; Tenure; Farm households; Agricultural Finance; Consumer/Household Economics; D1; J2; Q12.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61632
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Determinants of Meats Purchase Behavior by Ethnic Groups AgEcon
Garcia-Jimenez, Carlos I.; Mishra, Ashok K..
Farmers and food companies need to assess their production and marketing strategies for nurturing business opportunities that will arise from the simultaneous increase in population and income of Hispanics in the United States. Previous studies on demand for meat products have not received much attention on the determinants of meats purchase behavior by Hispanics in relation to other ethnic groups. This study investigates the impact of ethnicity and the determinants of meats purchase behavior in the U.S. by using single Probit equations. The analyzed data comes from the U.S. Consumer Expenditure Survey. The results indicate that ethnicity plays an important role in the purchase behavior of meat products, as well as household size and income.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer behavior; Marketing; Food demand; Hispanic food; Hispanic food market; Latin foods; Comida latina; Alimentos; Ethnic foods; Agribusiness; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Industrial Organization; Marketing; D01; D03; D12; L14; L66; M31; M37.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61073
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Dimensions of Wealth Dispersion Among Farm Operator Households: An Assessment of the Impact of Farm Subsidies AgEcon
El-Osta, Hisham S.; Mishra, Ashok K..
This paper uses microlevel data from the Agricultural Resource Management Survey to examine the changes in the distributions of household wealth and to assess the role farm subsidies play, among other factors, in affecting these distributions. The empirical analysis relies on the concept of the adjusted Gini coefficient and on fixed-effect regression procedures. Coefficients from fixed-effect estimation indicate a negative correlation between government payments and wealth dispersion, with the effect shifting toward more of a positive relation when government payments were allowed to interact with regional dummies.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Adjusted Gini coefficient; Agricultural Resource Management Survey; Fixed-effects regression; Government subsidies; Life cycle; Wealth dispersion; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; C33; D31; D63; O18; Q15.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43733
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Do Farm Programs Explain Mean and Variance of Technical Efficiency? Stochastic Frontier Analysis AgEcon
Ranjan, Rahul; Shaik, Saleem; Mishra, Ashok K..
Past literature has examined the importance of farm programs on the volatility and returns on general and agriculture economic growth. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of farm program payments on technical efficiency. The study used aggregate state level panel data from the U.S agricultural sector. Results indicate production increasing with increasing units of inputs. Results from this study indicate that farm program payments play an important role in technical efficiency. For example, farm program payments indicate a negative and positive effect on mean and variance of technical efficiency in the long-run and short-run, respectively
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56365
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Does “Convenience Agriculture” Affect Off‐farm Labor Allocation Decisions? AgEcon
Uematsu, Hiroki; Mishra, Ashok K.; Chintawar, Sachin.
The objective of this study is to examine the effect of adoption intensity of GM crops on off‐farm labor supply by farm households. Using ARMS data in 2004, 2005 and 2006, we estimate a two stage simultaneous Tobit model and find that adoption intensity of GM crops has a negative impact on off‐farm labor supply by operators and a positive impact on off‐farm labor supply by spouse. This may be due to the comparative advantage of operators and spouses. Our results find that GM crops adoption has different but significant implications on off‐farm labor supply by operators and spouses and underscores the importance of understanding farm households’ decisions to explain behaviors of farm businesses in the United States.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Technology Adoption; Two stage simultaneous Tobit model; GM Crops; Off‐farm labor; Agricultural and Food Policy; Labor and Human Capital; Q10; Q12.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61633
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ECONOMIC OUTLOOK FOR FARM HOUSEHOLDS AND THEIR FARMING ESTABLISHMENTS AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; Morehart, Mitchell J.; Johnson, James D..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics; Farm Management.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33134
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ECONOMIC OUTLOOK FOR FARM HOUSEHOLDS AND THEIR FARMING ESTABLISHMENTS (PowerPoint Presentation) AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; Morehart, Mitchell J.; Johnson, James D..
POWERPOINT PRESENTATION
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics; Farm Management.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33119
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EFFECT OF DEBT SOLVENCY ON FARMLAND VALUES: A PANEL COINTEGRATION APPROACH AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; Moss, Charles B.; Erickson, Kenneth W..
Farmland values in the United States represent a major component of the farm sector balance sheet. The linkage between farmland values and agricultural debt has typically been ignored in the literature. This paper attempts to make two contributions to our understanding of farmland prices. First, building on established literature, this study examines the role of debt solvency and government payments in farmland valuation. Second, from a methodological standpoint, this study incorporates both the nonstationarity dimension of farmland prices and the panel structure of the data relying on recent advances in econometric literature.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20261
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Effect of Farm Income and Off-Farm Wage Variability on Off-Farm Labor Supply AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; Holthausen, Duncan M..
This study models the effects of variability in farm income and off-farm wages on farm operators' labor allocation decisions. A simple theoretical model is employed to develop hypotheses, which are then tested empirically. Variability in farm income and off-farm wages is predicted to have a positive and negative effect, respectively, on off-farm hours worked. The empirical results confirm these predictions.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31393
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EXAMINING THE CRB INDEX AS AN INDICATOR FOR U.S. INFLATION AgEcon
Acharya, Ram N.; Gentle, Paul F.; Mishra, Ashok K.; Paudel, Krishna P..
This paper analyzes historical movements in the commodity futures market and the relationship to inflation. Specifically, the relationship between the Commodity Research Bureau (CRB) Index and United States inflation is investigated. It is said that the relationship between the CRB index and the U.S. inflation rate was greater in the some periods than in another period. Then in recent times the CRB Index has proven to be a reliable early indicator of inflation. As the composition of the United States economy changes, the Commodity Research Bureau must make adjustments in order to provide a viable service.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CRB index; Commodities Research Bureau; Inflation; Vector Autoregression; Marketing; Public Economics; E00; E30.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6760
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Factors Affecting the Adoption of Genetically Modified Crops by Young and Beginning U.S. Farmers and Ranchers AgEcon
Detre, Joshua D.; Mishra, Ashok K.; Adhikari, Arun.
The comprehensive set of programs in the 2008 Farm Bill designed to support Young and Beginning Farmers and Ranchers (YBFR), combined with a substantial amount of resources allocated to each of these programs, can be viewed as an investment in ensuring the future sustainability of the U.S. agriculture system. Understanding the factors that influence YBFR to adopt technology will become increasingly important if YBFR are to succeed. Of particular interest is why YBFR adopt Bt corn, Bt cotton, and HT soybeans. Results conform to a majority of our a priori expectations; YBFRs are more likely to adopt GM crops if they are not a full owner of the farm operation, as sales of the farm operation grow, if the crop is important to their region, and as they become...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96377
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FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO EARNINGS SUCCESS OF CASH GRAIN FARMS AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; El-Osta, Hisham S.; Johnson, James D..
The objective of this study was to identify factors which contribute to the earnings' success of cash grain farms in the United States. The study analyzes three measures of success including net farm income per dollar of asset, operators' returns to labor and management, and operators' management income. Logit regression analysis shows that controlling variable costs, ownership, management ability, technology adoption, and diversification are important factors that influence success.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Cash grains; Diversification; Earnings success; Logit regression; Agricultural Finance; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15158
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Factors Influencing Cotton Farmers’ Perceptions about the Importance of Information Sources in Precision Farming Decisions AgEcon
Velandia, Margarita M.; Lambert, Dayton M.; Mendieta, Maria P.; Roberts, Roland K.; Larson, James A.; English, Burton C.; Rejesus, Roderick M.; Mishra, Ashok K..
Information generated by precision farming technologies is of particular importance to producers. Precision farming technologies implies the ability to improve the management of production factors using site-specific information. This study examines factors influencing cotton farmers’ perceptions about the importance of crop consultants, farm input dealerships, Extension, other farmers, trade shows, the Internet and printed news/media for making precision farming decisions using a rank ordered logit model (ROLM). Results suggest that age, land tenure, income, percentage of income from farming, and location may affect farmers’ perceptions about the importance of different information sources when making decisions about precision farming technologies....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Information-source preferences; Rank Ordered Logit Model; Precision Farming; Production Economics; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Q16; C25.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103752
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FARM HOUSEHOLD INCOMES AND U.S. GOVERNMENT PROGRAM PAYMENT AgEcon
Dewbre, Joe; Mishra, Ashok K..
This paper assesses the impacts of government program payments made to US farmers under selected programs. Using a model of farm household resource allocation and data from the USDA-ERS ARMS survey, the analysis considers the effects of the various kinds of program payments on the time allocation of farm operators and spouses and on farm household income.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19780
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Farm Operator Benefits from Direct Marketing Strategies: How Does Local Food Impact Farm Financial Performance? AgEcon
Park, Timothy A.; Mishra, Ashok K.; Wozniak, Shawn J..
In the era of a global economy, farmers face increasing pressure in developing a portfolio of various marketing channels. However, the literature on direct marketing strategies has mainly focused on consumers. Using farm-level data this study investigates factors associated with the choice of three direct marketing strategies. We apply a selectivity based approach for the multinomial logit model to assess the relationship between the choice of direct sales marketing strategy on the financial performance of the business. Findings from this study suggest that obtaining an Internet connection and accessing the Internet for farm commerce increases the likelihood of using intermediated marketing outlets. Using the Internet for farm commerce and operating...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Direct marketing outlets; Multinomial logit; Farm sales; Selectivity correction; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Production Economics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103756
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Farm Wealth Inequality Within and Across States in the United States AgEcon
Erickson, Kenneth W.; Moss, Charles B.; Mishra, Ashok K..
This paper uses Theil's (1979) entropy-based measure of inequality and farm-level data to examine changes in farm business wealth (farm equity) of farm households. The farms associated with farm households are grouped by state into ten regions of the United States. The Theil entropy measure is then calculated and used to decompose total inequality of farm wealth into within-state and across-states (between states) inequalities for each region. Results show that since the enactment of the 1996 Federal Agricultural Improvement and Reform (FAIR) Act, inequality in farm wealth among farms within a state has decreased relative to the number of farms per state, across all regions. Further, most of the reduction in farm wealth inequality is attributed to...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Inequality; Theil's inequality; Farm wealth; Regional decomposition; Farm level; Farm household; Real estate assets; Inventories; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10207
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Farmers’ Perception of Precision Technology: The Case of Autosteer Adoption by Cotton Farmers AgEcon
D'Antoni, Jeremy M.; Mishra, Ashok K.; Powell, Rebekah R.; Martin, Steven W..
Precision agriculture and autosteer technology are, overall, profitable investments for farmers, as previous literature has established. However, what has not been investigated is whether or not farmers perceive these technologies as such. This research postulates that cotton farmers must see potential for higher profits as a result of adopting precision technologies in order to adopt it. Using the 2009 Southern Cotton Precision Farming Survey and multinomial logit model, this research investigates farmers’ perception of precision agriculture and how those perceptions impact adoption of the autosteer GPS guidance system. Autosteer adoption was found to be significant and positively related to the perceived future importance of precision agriculture as...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Farmers’ perception; Precision agriculture; Autosteer; Multinomial logit estimation; Technology adoption; Input cost saving.; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Labor and Human Capital; Production Economics; Risk and Uncertainty; Q12; Q16.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119734
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Farmland Values, Government Payments, and the Overall Risk to U.S. Agriculture: A Structural Equation-Latent Variable Model AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; Dedah, Cheikhna O..
According to Ricardian rent theory, the value of farm assets is equal to the discounted present value of future expected net rents from farm returns, and the discounted expected value of the land if converted to nonfarm development. Some recent research has considered modifying this standard present value model by acknowledging that returns from the market may be discounted at a different interest rate than returns from government payments (Goodwin, Mishra, and Ortal-Magne) and also that the discount rate itself may be time-varying. However, very little research has considered how changes in the overall risk to agriculture may affect farmland values. An exception is Moss, Shonkwiler and Schmitz (2004). We use time series panel data from the USDA for...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm Management; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6569
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