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Registros recuperados: 93
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FORWARD CONTRACTING OF INPUTS: A FARM-LEVEL ANALYSIS AgEcon
Perry, Janet E.; Mishra, Ashok K..
Forward contracting of inputs in production agriculture is becoming increasingly important as more farmers attempt to manage risk. Using a logit model and farm-level data, this analysis estimates the effect of factors on the probability of a producer using forward input contracting. Results suggest that use of contracting in selling of crops and livestock, technology, farm size, geographic location, participation in government commodity programs, and use of extension services are important factors affecting the choice to forward contract inputs.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Forward contracting; Inputs; Risk; Marketing.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14729
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Health Insurance and Joint Off‐Farm Labor Allocation Decisions of Farm Families AgEcon
D'Antoni, Jeremy M.; Mishra, Ashok K..
Contact author to request a copy of this paper.
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Health insurance coverage; Endogeneity; Copula; Off-farm labor supply; Dependence; Bivariate tobit; Coupled farm programs payments; Decoupled farm program payments; Agribusiness; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty; Labor and Human Capital; Public Economics; C34; I13; J12; J22; J38; J43; Q12; Q18.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119646
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Health Status and Health Care Access of Farm and Rural Populations AgEcon
Jones, Carol Adaire; Parker, Timothy S.; Ahearn, Mary Clare; Mishra, Ashok K.; Variyam, Jayachandran N..
Rural residents have higher rates of age-adjusted mortality, disability, and chronic disease than their urban counterparts, though mortality and disability rates vary more by region than by metro status. Contributing negatively to the health status of rural residents are their lower socioeconomic status, higher incidence of both smoking and obesity, and lower levels of physical activity. Contributing negatively to the health status of farmers are the high risks from workplace hazards, which also affect other members of farm families who live on the premises and often share in the work; contributing positively are farmers’ higher socioeconomic status, lower incidence of smoking, and more active lifestyle. Both farm and rural populations experience lower...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Health Economics and Policy; Agriculture safety and health; Electronic health records; Farmer health; Health; Health care access; Health care affordability; Health care quality; Health disparities; Health IT; Health status; Mortality; Rural health; Telehealth; Uninsured.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54430
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Homogeneity of Farm Labor: A Dual Approach AgEcon
D'Antoni, Jeremy M.; Mishra, Ashok K.; Gillespie, Jeffrey M..
The assumption of homogeneity between family and hired farm labor is common in farm labor research. Controlling for region and farm size, this study employs a seemingly unrelated regression analysis to jointly estimate a translog cost function and factor cost shares to determine the elasticity of substitution between hired and family farm labor. The results show an evidence of heterogeneity of farm labor in both cash grain and hog farms in the U.S. There is further evidence that the elasticity of substitution is unitary and the cost minimizing ratio of hired and family labor is not independent of time. Regional factors were found to have little effect on the substitutability of farm labor, whereas farm size was found to have a significant influence on...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics; Labor and Human Capital; Production Economics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98754
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HOUSEHOLD TIME ALLOCATION AND ENDOGENOUS FARM STRUCTURE: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE DESIGN OF AGRICULTURAL POLICIES AgEcon
Goodwin, Barry K.; Mishra, Ashok K.; Kimhi, Ayal.
We evaluate relationships among time allocation decisions for farm operators and their spouses and endogenous farm structure. We consider two aspects of farm structure{ farm scale, represented by acreage operated and harvested, and farm scope, which is represented by an index of diversification. We are particularly interested in the role of policy expectations as a factor influencing labor decisions and farm structure. Our results indicate that farm structure and household time allocations are significantly related to one another. Operators on larger and more diversified farms tend to work less off the farm. Size may be endogenous to off-farm work decisions in that farms tend to be smaller when farmers pursue off-farm work opportunities, though the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7167
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Immigration Reform and Agriculture (PowerPoint) AgEcon
Kandel, William; Mishra, Ashok K..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8099
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Impact of Capital Gains and Urban Pressure on Farmland Values: A Spatial Correlation Analysis AgEcon
Moss, Charles B.; Mishra, Ashok K.; Livanis, Grigorios T..
Farmland is a major component of wealth in the farm sector as well as wealth of farm households. This study contributes to our knowledge of variations in farmland prices by examining the extent to which farmland values are spatially correlated and to what extent that this spatial correlation can be explained by income to farmland.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land values; Spatial correlation; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9899
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Impact of Program Payments on Time Allocation and Farm Household Income AgEcon
Dewbre, Joe; Mishra, Ashok K..
Using a model farm household resource allocation and data from the USDA-ERS Agricultural Resources Management Survey (ARMS), this study compares the effects of various categories of farm program payments on time allocation by farm operators and spouses. Results suggest that agricultural market transition payments (AMTA) increase leisure hours of both farm operators and spouses. Loan deficiency payments (LDP) and payments that combine market loan assistance (MLA) and disaster payments are shown to reduce leisure. The study also finds that AMTA payments exhibit a much higher degree of income transfer efficiency than the LDP and MLA payments.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural Resource Management Survey; Decoupled payments; Government programs; Income transfer efficiency; Time allocation; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; D13; J22; Q12; Q22.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6296
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INCOME, WEALTH, AND THE ECONOMIC WELL-BEING OF FARM HOUSEHOLDS AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; El-Osta, Hisham S.; Morehart, Mitchell J.; Johnson, James D.; Hopkins, Jeffrey W..
Agricultural policy is rooted in the 1930s notion that providing transfers of money to the farm sector translates into increased economic well-being of farm families. This report shows that changes in income for the farm sector or for any particular group of farm businesses do not necessarily reflect changes confronting farm households. Farm households draw income from various sources, including off-farm work, other businesses operated, and —increasingly — nonfarm investments. Likewise, focus on a single indicator of well-being, like income, overlooks other indicators such as the wealth held by the household and the level of consumption expenditures for health care, food, housing, and other items. Using an expanded definition of economic well-being, we...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Consumption; Farm households; Income; Wealth; Well-being; Off-farm employment; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33967
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Intensity of Precision Agriculture Technology Adoption by Cotton Producers AgEcon
Paxton, Kenneth W.; Mishra, Ashok K.; Chintawar, Sachin; Roberts, Roland K.; Larson, James A.; English, Burton C.; Lambert, Dayton M.; Marra, Michele C.; Larkin, Sherry L.; Reeves, Jeanne M.; Martin, Steven W..
Many studies on the adoption of precision technologies have generally used logit models to explain the adoption behavior of individuals. This study investigates factors affecting the intensity of precision agriculture technologies adopted by cotton farmers. Particular attention is given to the role of spatial yield variability on the number of precision farming technologies adopted, using a count data estimation procedure and farm-level data. Results indicate that farmers with more within-field yield variability adopted a higher number of precision agriculture technologies. Younger and better educated producers and the number of precision agriculture technologies used were significantly correlated. Finally, farmers using computers for management decisions...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Precision technologies; Poisson; Negative binomial count data method; GPS; Education; Cotton; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/105464
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Internet Access and Internet Purchasing Patterns of Farm Households AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; Williams, Robert P.; Detre, Joshua D..
The Internet is becoming an increasingly important management tool in production agriculture. Using data from the 2004 Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) and a double-hurdle estimation approach, we explore the adoption of computers with Internet access by and Internet purchasing patterns of farm households. Adoption of the Internet is positively related to age and education of the operator, off-farm work, presence of spouse, participation in government programs, farm size, and regional location of the farm. Internet purchasing patterns of farm households are positively related to the education of the operator and spouse, presence of teenagers, and regional location of the farm. Finally, farm businesses and their households are more likely to...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Adoption of Internet; Education; Farm size; Farm households; Internet; Double-hurdle model; Farm business; Major household items; Minor farm inputs; Agricultural Finance; Consumer/Household Economics; Farm Management.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55545
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Internet Access and Use by Farm Households AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; Williams, Robert P..
The Internet is a strategic technology because it has found application across virtually all sectors of the economy. The Internet has become an everyday part of rural life and is an important new technology in U.S. agriculture. This study uses information collected through the 2004 Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) to explore the adoption of computers with Internet access and Internet use by farm households. Results from this study suggest that adoption of computers with Internet access is positively related to age and educational level of the operator, off-farm business income, presence of a spouse, and regional location of the farm. Further, large farms and part-owner farms are more likely to adopt computers with Internet access. Internet...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21106
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INTERNET USAGE BY FARMERS: EVIDENCE FROM A NATIONAL SURVEY AgEcon
Park, Timothy A.; Mishra, Ashok K..
The Internet may reduce constraints on a farmer's ability to receive and manage information, regardless of where the farm is located or when the information is used. Using a Count data estimation procedure, this study attempts to examine the key farm, operator, regional, and household characteristics that influence the number of Internet applications used by farm households. Results indicate that educational level of the farm operator, farm size, farm diversification, off-farm income, off-farm investments, and regional location of the farm have significant impact on the number of Internet applications.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21940
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Measuring and Analyzing Farm Financial Stress AgEcon
Harris, James Michael; Williams, Robert P.; Morehart, Mitchell J.; Erickson, Kenneth W.; Mishra, Ashok K..
The financial health of the agricultural economy has been excellent for the past few years, especially with farm income reaching record levels. However, the U.S. economy has experienced a recession and a credit crisis. Although the U.S. farm sector has been mostly shielded from the economic downturn, farm financial stress is still possible under current conditions. Are some U.S. farm businesses, especially those with term debt, poised to experience significant financial stress in 2010? We use the Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS), sponsored jointly by USDA’s Economic Research Service (ERS) and National Agricultural Statistical Service, to help answer this question.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Off-farm income; Farm investment; Double hurdle; Agricultural Finance; Financial Economics; D1; J2.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61528
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Motivation for Technology Adoption and Its Impact on Abandonment: A Case Study of U.S. Cotton Farmers AgEcon
Uematsu, Hiroki; Mishra, Ashok K.; Roberts, Roland K.; Lambert, Dayton M.; English, Burton C..
We estimate a bivariate probit model with sample selection to identify factors affecting adoption and abandonment of precision farming technologies for cotton farmers, using the 2009 Southern Cotton Precision Farming Survey conducted in 12 Southern states in the United States. Farmers for whom being at the forefront of agricultural technology is not an important reason for adoption are more likely to abandon precision farming technologies. This study identified various factors associated with adoption and retention of precision farming technologies. Findings from this study offer significant information to policy‐makers for a better formulation of agri‐environmental programs that encourage farmers to adopt environmentally benign farming practices...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Technology Abandonment; Technology Adoption; Bivariate Probit with Sample Selection; Multinomial Logit; Precision Farming; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q10; Q12; Q16.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98838
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Net Effect of Education on Technology Adoption by U.S. Farmers AgEcon
Uematsu, Hiroki; Mishra, Ashok K..
The objective of this study is to estimate the net effect of education on technology adoption for U.S. farmers. Using 2006 Agricultural Resource Management Survey data, this study develops a simultaneous equations model to integrate farmers’ labor allocation decision with adoption of both time saving and management intensive technologies.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Education; Technology adoption; Off-farm labor supply; Precision farming; Genetically modified crops; Simultaneous equations model; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Production Economics; Risk and Uncertainty; Q10; Q12.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56450
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NEXT YEAR ON THE U.S. FARMLAND MARKET: AN INFORMATIONAL APPROACH AgEcon
Moss, Charles B.; Mishra, Ashok K.; Erickson, Kenneth W..
This paper formulates an information measure for changes in asset values and applies the formulation to farmland values in the United States for 1960-99. The results indicate that changes in asset values contained significant information following the Russian wheat sale in the early 1970s and the financial crisis in agriculture in the mid 1980s. Further, information about preceding year's asset value largely explains the regional distribution of current year's farmland values.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19186
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OFF-FARM INCOME, TECHNOLOGY ADOPTION, AND FARM ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE AgEcon
Fernandez-Cornejo, Jorge; Mishra, Ashok K.; Nehring, Richard F.; Hendricks, Chad; Southern, Malaya; Gregory, Alexandra.
The economic well-being of most U.S. farm households depends on income from both onfarm and off-farm activities. Consequently, for many farm households, economic decisions (including technology adoption and other production decisions) are likely to be shaped by the allocation of managerial time among such activities. While time allocation decisions are usually not measured directly, we observe the outcomes of such decisions, such as onfarm and off-farm income. This report finds that a farm operator’s off-farm employment and off-farm income vary inversely with the size of the farm. Operators of smaller farm operations improve their economic performance by compensating for the scale disadvantages of their farm business with more off-farm involvement....
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Off-farm income; Farm households; Economic performance; Managerial time; Scale economies; Scope economies; Technical efficiency; Technology adoption; Farm size; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7234
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Perception of Decoupled Government Payments: Evidence from a National Survey AgEcon
Ahmadov, Fariz; Mishra, Ashok K.; Barnett, Barry J..
Based on results from a national survey, this study examines how farm households say that they used (or would use) government transfers distributed in the form of direct fixed payments. In addition, the study examines what factors best explain farm household decisions regarding how fixed payment proceeds are used.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/35473
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Permanent Income and the Importance of Precautionary Savings: An Instrumental Variable Approach AgEcon
Dedah, Cheikhna O.; Mishra, Ashok K..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm Management; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49522
Registros recuperados: 93
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