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Registros recuperados: 93
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Policy Interactions at the Farm Level: An Evaluation of Participation in the Conservation Reserve Program and Related Policy Decisions AgEcon
Goodwin, Barry K.; Mishra, Ashok K.; Kimhi, Ayal.
We evaluate participation in the Conservation Reserve Program and its relationship with time allocation and farm structure. We do not find a statistically significant link between enrollment of acreage in the CRP program and off-farm work effort. We do find important linkages among time allocation and farm structure.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9719
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Policy Reform and Off-farm Labor Supply by Operators in the Delta Region: A AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; Paudel, Krishna P..
Off-farm employment has been an integral part of the emerging structure of production agriculture in the South. Government farm program payments, farm structure, and strong non-farm economy have important impact on labor allocation, farm and non-farm labor, decision of farm operators. The objective of this investigation was to evaluate the determinants of off-farm labor supply for farm operators in the Delta States. Results show that off-farm work, educational level, presence of teenager, and farm tenure positive and significant impact on ff-farm labor supply by farm operators. On the other hand, farm size, household wealth, decoupled and couple farm program payments, and degree of farm diversification have a negative and significant impact on off-farm...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Off-farm labor supply; Delta region; Tobit; Semiparametric; Government farm program payments; Education; Farm Management; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6725
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Precautionary wealth among U.S farm households AgEcon
Dedah, Cheikhna O.; Mishra, Ashok K..
Using a cross sectional farm-level data we find that farm households who face higher income uncertainty save more and accumulate more wealth. Precautionary savings is about 6 percent of the total farm household wealth. In addition to precautionary saving, and consistent with theory we found that the age, education, occupation, and the number of acres operated are all important factors that influence wealth accumulation by U.S farm households.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance; Consumer/Household Economics; Risk and Uncertainty; Precautionary savings; Wealth; Income risk; Farm households.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46606
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Precision Agriculture Technology Adoption for Cotton Production AgEcon
Paxton, Kenneth W.; Mishra, Ashok K.; Chintawar, Sachin; Larson, James A.; Roberts, Roland K.; English, Burton C.; Lambert, Dayton M.; Marra, Michele C.; Larkin, Sherry L.; Reeves, Jeanne M.; Martin, Steven W..
Many studies on the adoption of precision technologies have generally used logit models to explain the adoption behavior of individuals. This study investigates factors affecting the number of specific types of precision agriculture technologies adopted by cotton farmers. Particular attention is given to the influence of spatial yield variability on the number of precision farming technologies adopted, using a Count data estimation procedure and farm-level data. Results indicate that farmers with more within-field yield variability adopted a larger number of precision agriculture technologies. Younger and better educated producers and the number of precision agriculture technologies were significantly correlated. Finally, farmers using computers for...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Precision technologies; Poisson; Negative Binomial; Count-data method; GIS; Education; Cotton; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use; Productivity Analysis; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56486
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Precision Farming by Cotton Producers in Twelve Southern States: Results from the 2009 Southern Cotton Precision Farming Survey AgEcon
Mooney, Daniel F.; Roberts, Roland K.; English, Burton C.; Lambert, Dayton M.; Larson, James A.; Velandia, Margarita M.; Larkin, Sherry L.; Marra, Michele C.; Martin, Steven W.; Mishra, Ashok K.; Paxton, Kenneth W.; Rejesus, Roderick M.; Segarra, Eduardo; Wang, Chenggang; Reeves, Jeanne M..
Precision Farming by Cotton Producers in Twelve Southern States: Results from the 2009 Southern Cotton Precision Farming Survey
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Cotton; Precision farming; Survey; Agribusiness; Farm Management; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91333
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Precision Farming Technology Adoption in Cotton Farming: Duration Analysis AgEcon
Pandit, Mahesh; Paudel, Krishna P.; Mishra, Ashok K.; Segarra, Eduardo.
We used survey data collected from cotton producers in eleven U.S. states to address the issues of correlated events and individual heterogeneity in multiple precision technologies adoption. Results from a conditional frailty model indicated that younger, better educated cotton producer adopted precision technology quickly once those technologies were available. Further, farm size and farm income have positive influence on a chance of technology adoption by the cotton farmers. Moreover, the conditional frailty model addresses for both heterogeneity and event dependence allowing different baseline hazards for each group of precision technology adopters.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103849
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Predicting Financial Stress in Young and Beginning Farmers in the United States AgEcon
D'Antoni, Jeremy M.; Mishra, Ashok K.; Chintawar, Sachin.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Financial stress; Young and Beginning farmers; Farm type; Farming regions; Operating leverage; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46861
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RATES OF RETURN IN THE FARM AND NON-FARM SECTORS: A TIME SERIES COMPARISON AgEcon
Erickson, Kenneth W.; Mishra, Ashok K.; Moss, Charles B..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Financial Economics.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36148
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Rates of Return in the Farm and Nonfarm Sectors: How Do They Compare? AgEcon
Erickson, Kenneth W.; Moss, Charles B.; Mishra, Ashok K..
This study examines the return on agricultural assets relative to nonfinancial corporate assets in the general economy using aggregate bureau of Economic Analysis data. Our results indicate that the rate of return on nonfarm assets dominates the rate of return on agricultural assets. The average rate of return on nonfarm assets is higher than the average rate of return on farm assets, and the variance of the rate of return on nonfarm assets is lower than the variance of the rate of return on farm assets. Furthermore, the rate of return on agricultural assets only exceeds the rate of return in the nonfarm sector in 1992.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Farm sector accounting; Nonfarm income; Nonfarm sector; Rate of return; Returns to farm assets; Q14; Q18.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43477
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Reasons for Adopting Precision Farming: A Case Study of U.S. Cotton Farmers AgEcon
Pandit, Mahesh; Mishra, Ashok K.; Paudel, Krishna P.; Larkin, Sherry L.; Rejesus, Roderick M.; Lambert, Dayton M.; English, Burton C.; Larson, James A.; Velandia, Margarita M.; Roberts, Roland K.; Kotsiri, Sofia.
We used survey data collected from cotton farmers in 12 southern U.S. states to identify factors influencing cotton farmers’ decisions to adopt precision farming. Using a seemingly unrelated ordered probit model, we found that younger, educated and computer literate farmers chose precision farming for profit reason. Farmers who perceived precision farming to be profitable adopt it to be at the forefront of agricultural technology. We also found that farmers who were concerned with environment emphasize precision farming adoption as a reason to improve environmental quality. Our results also indicate that farmers in coastal states such as Alabama, Mississippi, and North Carolina chose environmental benefits as a reason for precision farming technology...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Precision technologies; Seemingly unrelated ordered probit; Cotton; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Q16; C35.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98575
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REGIONAL CHANGES IN THE DISTRIBUTION OF NET VALUE ADDED IN U.S. AGRICULTURE, 1960-2002 AgEcon
Erickson, Kenneth W.; Blank, Steven C.; Moss, Charles B.; Mishra, Ashok K..
This paper examines the effects of structural changes on the distribution of net value added and the difference between net value added and agricultural income over time. We present and discuss the changes in the distribution of net value added (land, labor, capital, and farm operator income) over time. Net value added by U.S. agriculture grew significantly from $18 billion to 1960 to $95 billion in 1996. We examine regional differences in net value added using the Theil entropy measure. The inequality (dispersion) of net value added increased over time. The increased inequality represented both increases in regional dispersion in net value added and increases in the average inequality in net value added in each region. Thus, the net value added is...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36232
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Returns to Scale of Production Function: Pooled, Within and Between Quantile Regression Approach AgEcon
Reimbaeva, Maya; Shaik, Saleem; Mishra, Ashok K..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Production function; Pooled; Between and Within Quantile Regression; Panel data; Production Economics; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56563
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Revenue Insurance and Chemical Input Use Rates AgEcon
Nimon, R. Wesley; Mishra, Ashok K..
Using farm level data and a simultaneous probit model we evaluate the input use and environmental effects of revenue insurance. A priori, the moral hazard effect on input use is indeterminate and this study empirically assesses the input use impact of the increasingly popular, and federally subsidized, risk management instrument of revenue insurance. We conclude that the moral hazard effect of federally subsidized revenue insurance products induces U.S. wheat farmers to increase expenditures on pesticides and reduce expenditures on fertilizers.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20669
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RISK MANAGEMENT THROUGH ENTERPRISE DIVERSIFICATION: A FARM-LEVEL ANALYSIS AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; El-Osta, Hisham S..
Enterprise diversification is a self-insuring strategy used by farmers to protect against risk. This paper examines the impact of various farm, operator, and household characteristics on the level of on-farm diversification. Results provide evidence that larger farms are more specialized. Also, farmers who participate in off-farm income and farms located near urban areas are less likely to diversify. Additionally, results also show a significant positive relationship between diversification and farm/crop insurance and sole proprietorships. Finally, there is also evidence that farms that received government payments are more diversified than their counterparts.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm Management; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19711
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SUCCESSION DECISIONS AND RETIREMENT INCOME OF FARM HOUSEHOLDS AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; El-Osta, Hisham S.; Johnson, James D..
Paper and PowerPoint Presentation
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32810
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Succession Decisions in U.S. Family Farm Businesses AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; El-Osta, Hisham S.; Shaik, Saleem.
Farm transfer or succession by the “next generation” holds a place of central importance in the determination of industry structure and total number of farmers and has profound implications for farm families. The family farm sector relies heavily on intergenerational succession. Succession and retirement are linked and reflective of the life cycles of the farm household and the farm business. A large farm-level data set and a logistic regression model were used to examine the determinants of farm succession decisions in the United States, with special emphasis given to the treatment of endogenous wealth and farm size variables. Results point to the importance of farmer’s age, educational attainment of farm operators, off-farm work by the operator or...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Education; Endogeneity; Farm household wealth; Farm transfer; Household income; Intergenerational succession; Life cycle; Logit model; Off-farm work; Farm Management; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61055
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SUCCESSION IN FAMILY FARM BUSINESS: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM THE U.S. FARM SECTOR AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; El-Osta, Hisham S.; Johnson, James D..
Survival of many family farms is dependent on successful intergenerational transfer. Given the importance of succession in the farm sector, the purpose of this paper is to examine factors that are likely to influence succession decisions on U.S. farms. The paper uses 2001 ARMS data and a multinomial Logit (MNL) regression to estimate family succession, non-family succession, and farm exit decisions of farm households in the U.S. Model choice and specification issues are discussed. Results indicate that operator’'s education, household wealth, growth in farm size, and farm debt are important factors that determine succession decisions. Additionally, farm specialization is taken into consideration when farm operators make their succession plans.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm Management.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20114
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Tax-Deferred Retirement Savings of Farm Households: An Empirical Investigation AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; Chang, Hung-Hao.
This study examines factors affecting tax-deferred retirement savings among farm households. A double-hurdle model is estimated using 2003 Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) farm-level national data. Results indicate that demographic factors, total household income, off-farm work, and risk preference play important roles in retirement savings plan participation. Retirement savings increase with household size, intensity of off-farm work by farm operator and spouse, and size of farming operation. We find that the amount of retirement savings decreases with operator’s age and increases with spouse’s age, and that cash grain and dairy farmers have lower retirement savings.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Double-hurdle estimation; Farm households; Probit; Retirement savings; Risk preference; Total household income; Agricultural Finance; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/105545
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Technology Adoption and Off-Farm Household Income: The Case of Herbicide-Tolerant Soybeans AgEcon
Fernandez-Cornejo, Jorge; Hendricks, Chad; Mishra, Ashok K..
We model the interaction of off-farm work and adoption of agricultural technologies and the impact of adopting these technologies on farm household income from on farm and off-farm sources after controlling for such interaction, and estimate the model for the case of adoption of herbicide-tolerant (HT) soybeans using a nationwide survey of soybean farms for 2000. We find that adoption of HT soybeans is positively and significantly related to off-farm household income for U.S. soybean farmers, after controlling for other factors. In addition, while on-farm household income is not significantly related to adoption, total household income increases significantly with adoption.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural household model; Biotechnology; Herbicide tolerant soybeans; Off-farm income; Technology adoption; O33; Q12.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43487
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Technology Adoption, Management Practices, and Financial Performance of New and Beginning Farmers: Evidence from a National Survey AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; Wilson, Christine A.; Williams, Robert P..
More than 50 percent of current farmers are over age 55, and the number of new farmers replacing them has fallen. This paper examines factors that contribute to the financial performance of new and beginning farmers in the U.S. A weighted regression analysis was used on data from the 2005 Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) to measure new and beginning farmers’ financial performance given farm and operator characteristics, production and marketing, and risk management strategies. Particular attention was given to the impact of technology adoption and management strategy on financial performance. Results indicate the adoption of Genetically Modified (GM) crops, having a written business plan, controlling variable costs, participation in...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Financial performance; Technology adoption; Genetically Modified (GM) crops; Business plan; New and beginning farmers; Contracting; Coupled farm program payments; Farm Management; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9982
Registros recuperados: 93
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